self-regulatory organization

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Self-regulatory organization (SRO)

Organizations that enforce fair, ethical, and efficient practices in the securities and commodity futures industries, including all national securities and commodities exchanges and the NASD.

Self-Regulatory Organization

A professional organization, unaffiliated with a government, having certain, limited regulatory authority over members. An example is the American Dental Association, which has the ability to set standards and enforce discipline over dentists in the United States. In trading, most exchanges are self-regulatory organizations, as are trading-related professional organizations. SROs assist the SEC and government regulators in the maintenance of operating standards and the arbitration of disputes. See also: SICA.

self-regulatory organization (SRO)

A member-operated organization that establishes and enforces minimum standards and rules of conduct. The National Association of Securities Dealers, the National Futures Association, and the New York Stock Exchange are examples of self-regulatory organizations.

Self-regulatory organization (SRO).

All securities and commodities exchanges in the United States are self-regulatory organizations (SROs), as is NASD.

These bodies establish the standards under which their members conduct business, monitor the way that business is conducted, and enforce their own rules.

For example, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) requires that client orders delivered to the floor of the exchange be filled before orders that originate with traders on the floor, who buy and sell for their own accounts.

Self-Regulatory Organization (SRO)

see FINANCIAL SERVICES ACT 1986.

self-regulatory organization (SRO)

a body established under the FINANCIAL SERVICES ACT 1986 to regulate, in part, the UK financial securities and investment industry

There were originally five SROs:

  1. TSA: The Securities Association, which regulated firms dealing in corporate and government securities that were members of the STOCK EXCHANGE and International Securities Regulatory Organization.
  2. AFBD: the Association of Futures Brokers and Dealers, which covered firms operating in financial and commodity futures options;
  3. IMRO: the Investment Management Regulatory Organization, which regulated firms involved in the management and trusteeship of collective investment schemes and PENSION FUNDS;
  4. LAUTRO: the Life Assurance and Unit Trust Regulatory Organization. See INSURANCE COMPANY, UNIT TRUST;
  5. FIMBRA: the Financial Intermediaries, Managers and Brokers Regulatory Association, which regulated firms dealing directly with the general public in such matters as the taking out of life assurance policies and unit trust investment.

In 1991 the TSA and ABRD merged to form the Securities and Futures Authority (SFA), and in 1994 LAUTRO and FIMBRA merged to form the Personal Investment Authority (PIA). In 1999 the three remaining self-regulatory organizations (SFA, PIA and IMRO) were absorbed by the newly established Financial Services Authority (FSA), thus bringing all aspects of the regulation of the securities and investment industry under ‘one roof.

References in periodicals archive ?
Jerdonek of the Firm's Cleveland office focuses her practice on the representation of regional and national broker-dealer firms and financial institutions in litigation disputes arising under the state and federal securities laws, as well as the rules of various self-regulatory organizations.
Such risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, the adverse effect from a decline in the securities markets or a decline in the Fund's performance, a general downturn in the economy, competition from other closed-end investment companies, changes in government policy or regulation, inability of the Fund's investment adviser to attract or retain key employees, inability of the Fund to implement its investment strategy, inability of the Fund to manage rapid expansion and unforeseen costs and other effects related to legal proceedings or investigations of governmental and self-regulatory organizations.
Such risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, the adverse effect from a decline in the securities markets or a decline in the Fund's performance, a general downturn in the economy, competition from other funds, changes in government policy or regulation, inability of the Fund's investment advisor to attract or retain key employees, inability of the Fund's investment advisor to implement its investment strategy, inability of the Fund to manage unforeseen costs and other effects related to legal proceedings or investigations of governmental and self-regulatory organizations.