Utilitarianism

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Utilitarianism

The philosophy holding that moral actions must provide the greatest good to the greatest number of persons. Utilitarianism emphasizes the consequences of actions when evaluating their morality. For example, a utilitarian may regard a lie to a regulator as moral if it saves 2,000 jobs. Critics of utilitarianism contend that consequences are unknowable and argue that it could be used to defend atrocities. Utilitarians, on the other hand, argue that their philosophy is the best way to improve happiness in the aggregate.
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Rule utilitarianism, no less than classical utilitarianism, demands a strict, fair, and complete "cost-benefit" analysis of the son that many IACUCs today--in their insistence that considerations of scientific merit are outside their province-in fact abjure.