training

(redirected from Resistance training)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

training

the process of extending and improving the SKILLS and knowledge of people so as to improve JOB performance. A distinction can be made between vocational training, i.e. the acquisition of specific occupational skills, and pre-vocational training, i.e. the development of awareness of the world of work and employment. Education develops those basic skills such as writing and numeracy which form the bedrock for more specialized occupational skills.

To determine what training is required in an organization or economy, it is beneficial to undertake a training needs analysis. As a first step the main goals or priorities have to be established; then it is necessary to consider what skills are necessary to achieve these objectives. These are compared with the existing stock of skills amongst workers. Any deficiency is referred to as a skills gap and represents the skills that should be provided by training. A comprehensive approach to training will involve a needs analysis, a programme to close this gap and a monitoring and evaluation process to determine whether it has been successful.

Although it is generally accepted that training improves job performance, UK employers are often reluctant to provide training. The UK in fact has a poor record compared with its main competitors such as Germany. Training in the UK is widely viewed as a cost rather than an investment, and one whose potential benefits are difficult to quantify on the balance sheet. Employers fear that employees, once trained, will leave or be poached for higher paid employment.

Traditionally, the training system in the UK was voluntarist (see VOLUNTARISM) in that the state had little role in directing the structures and content of training programmes and institutions. However, state intervention has grown in recent years. Currently, the system of vocational training is overseen by the recently-created national and local LEARNING AND SKILLS COUNCILS and the government has established a framework of vocational qualifications (see NATIONAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION). There is also an emphasis on skill development and training amongst the unemployed in the Welfare-to-Work programme. Participants in this programme receive training as part of work placements. See MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT, ACCREDITATION OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING, ACCREDITATION OF PRIOR LEARNING, APPRENTICESHIP, NEW DEAL.

training

the process of extending and improving the SKILLS and KNOW-HOW of people so as to improve the performance of the LABOUR FORCE and thus enhance PRODUCTIVITY. A broad distinction can be made between ‘vocational training’, that is, training concerned with the acquisition of specific occupational skills, and ‘general education’, which develops those basic skills such as writing and numeracy that form the basis for the development of more specialized occupational skills.

Vocational training is provided by firms through apprenticeships (‘on-the-job’ training), in-company short courses, management development programmes, etc. Governments also sponsor and finance vocational training initiatives as well as undertaking responsibilities for the provision of general education. Currently the system of government vocational training is overseen by the recently created national and local LEARNING AND SKILLS COUNCILS, and the government has established a framework of vocational qualifications (National Vocational Qualifications - NVQs) to encourage training in transferable skills.

Under the NEW DEAL (1998), unemployed youths (in the age group 18–24) and the older long-term unemployed (aged 25 or over), receiving the JOBSEEKERS ALLOWANCE, can be placed on a one-year full-time training course. See INVESTORS IN PEOPLE, DEPARTMENT FOR EDUCATION AND SKILLS.

References in periodicals archive ?
Doing resistance training at least twice a week can help us maintain strength and stave off these risks," he says.
Prior to and following the six-month period, the participants had their brains MR-scanned and the researchers could see that there was a tendency for the brain to shrink less in those patients who undertook resistance training.
The self-selected intensity for the resistance training exercises was characterized as the load the subject felt comfortable during the execution of the exercise.
Effects of 24 weeks of progressive resistance training on knee extensors peak torque and fat-free mass in older women.
Data from patients presenting to US emergency departments revealed that many injuries related to resistance training were largely due to accidents and poor technique rather than to the actual resistance training activities; notably, two-thirds of the injuries sustained by 8 to 13-year-old patients were to the hand and foot and were most often related to "dropping" and "pinching" (based on injury descriptions).
Programming preferences were elicited by asking participants whether they were 1) able to participate in a resistance training program designed for older adults (i.
Therefore, the manipulation of resistance training methodological variables (i.
If you have not engaged in resistance training prior to now, it is wise to ease in gradually.
Resistance training will improve metabolic rate as muscle mass increases, meaning that you burn more calories, even when resting.
Previous studies suggested that resistance training was the winner in helping people lose weight by increasing the resting metabolic rate--the rate at which energy is used (calories are burned) when the body is at complete rest.
Resistance training was able to generate similar or superior results to those of aerobic exercise at lower intensity levels and decreased exercise frequencies.

Full browser ?