reservation

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Related to Reservations: Indian Reservations

Affirmative Action

A series of policies a government or organization pursues to help a given demographic group, especially a historical minority, in work and/or education. Affirmative action may be mild; for example, race may be one of a number of factors a university considers when deciding admission. On the other hand, it may impose stringent requirements; for example, a government may oblige companies to abide by gender quotas when hiring.

Affirmative action as a policy is quite controversial. Proponents argue it helps engender equality among groups in society. Critics contend it does (or at least can) reward less qualified persons at the expense of more qualified persons.

The term "affirmative action" is predominantly American. The concept is called positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, employment equity in Canada and reservation in India.

reservation

The retention of some right by the grantor in a deed. Grantors may reserve a life estate, the mineral interests, or a right-of-way across the property, for example. Reservations appear in the reddendum clause of a deed.

References in periodicals archive ?
3 million pounds of tepary beans were produced on the reservation.
Which American Indian reservation is located within the Navajo reservation?
The court found that there was no federal law regarding the execution of state search warrants on Indian reservations.
On most western reservations, big game species are almost nonexistent despite excellent potential habitat.
Most reservations do not offer many job opportunities in general and for those with disabilities, practically none.
Atlantic Bluffs Club and other property owners contended that the filed Olmsted map and language in their deeds evidenced an express grant of easement over the Reservation land for the use of the Reservation for access to the beaches.
Under the Major Crimes Act, the federal government has jurisdiction over major crimes committed on Indian reservations, and these crimes are violations of federal law.
Over the course of the last 6 years, Native American Energy Group and its founders have visited many reservations across the United States and it is living conditions such as these that have contributed to our ideology of assisting Native American tribes with their energy needs, and to help them to obtain a state of independence.
At 15, Neela Bear was a high school freshman on the Lame Deer Reservation in Montana who ran track and was diligently moving toward the honor society.
Which Native American reservations labeled on the map are located east of the Mississippi River?
These contacts indicated that 300-400 residents of the Flathead Reservation could benefit from a transportation system.
Bernard Wagner, general manager of the 305-room Ramada Renaissance Hotel, which opened on March 2, said he is seeing the difference even though his hotel was not open in time to accept delegation reservations.