If death occurs after the age 70 1/2 required beginning date
and there is no designated beneficiary, then beneficiaries may do a bit better, but not much.
In order to be qualified, a plan must provide that the entire interest of each employee will be distributed not later than his required beginning date
, or will be distributed beginning not later than the required beginning date
over certain prescribed time periods.
Distributions to a designated beneficiary (see definition on page 453) are determined by whether the IRA owner dies before the required beginning date
Since Janice had not yet reached her required beginning date
(RBD), prior to her death (generally, age 70 1/2), Marion could take minimum distributions over her own life expectancy.
20) This is referred to as the individual's required beginning date
designated beneficiary: An individual (or a trust meeting special requirements) that is named as beneficiary of an IRA or qualified plan benefit prior to the required beginning date
If the IRA owner dies on or after the required beginning date
, there are two alternatives.
Rather than being required to begin taking distributions shortly after your death (which is what a non-spouse beneficiary would have to do), your surviving spouse can delay the start of distributions until April 1st of the year after your spouse reaches the age of 70 (referred to as the required beginning date
, or "RBD").
Individual and employee plans are subject to a 10 percent penalty, tax if you take money prior to retirement, and once you reach your required beginning date
(usually April 1 of the year in which you reach 70 1/2), you must take annual minimum distributions in order to avoid a 50 percent penalty tax.
401(a)(9)(C) states that the required beginning date
(RBD) means April 1 of the calendar year following the later of:
A one-time deferral of the first RMD is permitted, however, until April 1 of the year following the year the owner turns 70 1/2, referred to as the required beginning date
The tax deferral consequences depend in part on a concept called the required beginning date