loss

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Loss

The opposite of gain.

Loss

Extracting less money from a transaction than one put into it. For example, a business' expenses may be $1 million for a year but it may only take in $800,000 in revenue. In such a case, the business has suffered a $200,000 loss. This is not always bad; most businesses lose money in the first few years of operation and this can reduce their tax liability when they do make a profit. However, losses over an extended period of time ultimately result in failure. See also: Gain, Paper Loss, Loss Carryforward, Loss Carryback.

loss

The deficiency of the amount received as opposed to the amount invested in a transaction. Compare gain. See also net loss.

loss

the shortfall between a firm's sales revenues received from the sale of its products and the total costs incurred in producing the firm's output (see BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS). Losses may be of a temporary nature occasioned by, for example, a downturn in demand (see BUSINESS CYCLE) or due to an exceptional level of expenditures (such as the launch of a series of new products). Short-term losses are usually financed by a firm running down its RESERVES or by an increase in borrowings. Losses which are sustained over time typically arise from a firm's poor competitive position in a market (see COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE), and unless competitiveness can be restored market exit or DIVESTMENT may be the only practical way of remedying the situation. See MARKET SYSTEM.

loss

the difference that arises when a firm's TOTAL REVENUES are less than TOTAL COSTS. In the SHORT RUN, where firms’ total revenues are insufficient to cover VARIABLE COSTS, then they will exit from the market unless they perceive this situation as being temporary. In these circumstances, where firms’ total revenues are sufficient to cover variable costs and make some CONTRIBUTION towards FIXED COSTS, then they will continue to produce despite overall losses. In the LONG RUN, however, unless firms’ revenues are sufficient to cover both variable and fixed costs, then their overall losses will cause them to exit from the market. See MARKET EXIT, LOSS MINIMIZATION, PROFIT-AND-LOSS ACCOUNT.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysis of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, integrin beta3, beta fibrinogen, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms in Iranian women with recurrent pregnancy loss.
To evaluate the risk for recurrent pregnancy loss in women homozygous for either polymorphism or who were carriers of both, we divided all participating women into low- and high-risk groups and then repeated the [chi square] test for cases and controls.
Kristin Atkins, who is an expert in maternal-fetal medicine with a special interest in recurrent pregnancy loss, to serve as our guest author.
The proceeds will be used to expand the development of Nora's lead drug, NT100, including the addition of a second Phase 2 trial (RESPONSE) in women with unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss.
The procedure is done either electively or emergently (rescue) to reduce the risk of cervical insufficiency and the resultant second-trimester recurrent pregnancy loss.
Women with recurrent miscarriages can benefit from comprehensive evaluation, treatment and support programs, such as the Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Program at Stanford.
Both obesity and insulin resistance have been linked with spontaneous abortion and recurrent pregnancy loss.
Primary candidates for PGD can include: women of advanced maternal age, couples with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss, couples with repeated IVF failure, and a male partner with severe male factor infertility.
Half of the miscarriages in recurrent pregnancy loss patients are due to aneuploidy," said John Garrisi, Ph.
Glycominds' other pipeline products include blood tests for the prediction of recurrent pregnancy loss and first-in-class screening tests for breast and colorectal cancers.
TORONTO -- Recurrent pregnancy loss was not associated with inherited maternal thrombophilias in a prospective study, adding weight to the evidence against screening for such disorders in patients presenting with a history of first-trimester miscarriage.

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