Quasi-Reorganization

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Quasi-Reorganization

In American accounting, the act of changing a company's records to eliminate a deficit in retained earnings by restating its balance sheet as if it were in bankruptcy. No bankruptcy is actually filed, however, and shareholders must agree to the changes. Quasi-reorganizations are controversial because they do not improve a company's actual state; rather, they simply make its books appear healthier. It is rarely done in practice.
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This article looks at quasi reorganizations by summarizing current generally accepted accounting principles, evaluating the theoretical underpinnings and reporting on a survey of quasi reorganizations in practice.
Because of the limited incidence of quasi reorganizations in practice and the fact the underlying concepts are far from pervasive, relatively little literature on the subject has appeared since a comprehensive study by James S.
The renewed interest in quasi reorganizations that followed a 1988 American Institute of CPAs issues paper, Quasi-Reorganizations, is both reinforced and challenged in the FASB DM.
Although quasi reorganizations are included in GAAP, their theoretical justification as accounting events is tenuous.
We searched the national automated accounting research system (NAARS) database, which covers fiscal years ending July 1, 1964, to June 20, 1992, and found reports of 164 quasi reorganizations with enough information to be analyzed; 142 occurred before the August 25, 1988, issuance of SAB no.
Exhibit 3, below, tabulates the accounting adjustments made in the identified quasi reorganizations and the number associated with Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganizations, both before and after August 25, 1988.
Exhibit 3 also shows about 23% of the quasi reorganizations occurred in connection with Chapter 11 reorganizations.
If quasi reorganizations are retained and included as a scenario in a new basis accounting standard, conditions must be strengthened.
This document addresses theoretical and practical issues related to quasi reorganizations.
This report covers a variety of financial statement disclosures showing quasi reorganizations arising under different circumstances.
This article summarizes information on 22 quasi reorganizations reported from 1981 to 1986.
Chapter 11 bankruptcy and quasi reorganizations are included here, as are unleveraged recapitalizations and subsidiary spinoffs.
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