Beneficiaries who have between 30 and 39 quarters of coverage
may buy into Part A at a reduced monthly premium rate, which is $234 for 2014, a decrease of $9.
Alternately, Title XVI Supplemental Security Income disability benefits may be awarded to disabled individuals who have not worked or who do not have sufficient quarters of coverage, provided they meet a defined income and resources test.
While maintaining that a disabling condition be permanent, the requirement that it be "medically determinable" was also proposed, as was the requirement that the applicant have at least 20 out of the last 40 quarters of coverage and "6 quarters of coverage in the 13-quarter period ending with such quarter.
6000 was thus a mixed bag, eliminating "remote claims" with the requirement of six quarters of coverage in the 13-quarter period prior to the claim and requiring a medically determinable impairment, but expanding the program radically with the elimination of age 50 as a threshold requirement.
Other provisions included that "[t]he individual must have been a currently insured individual (a requirement similar to the one then existing under the 'freeze' of 6 quarters of coverage in the 13 quarters ending with the quarter of disablement) and he must have had 20 quarters of coverage out of the last 40 calendar quarters.
The Court stated that in all likelihood, Nierotko "reflected concern that the benefits scheme created in 1939 would be disserved by allowing an employer's wrongdoing to reduce the quarters of coverage
an employee would otherwise be entitled to claim toward eligibility.