civil law

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civil law

legal arrangements whereby the State acts as an impartial judge of a dispute between two parties, the plaintiff, who sues and the defendant; the plaintiff usually requires damages which are a form of monetary compensation paid to him by the defendant. Civil law can be invoked for breach of CONTRACT or behaviour which constitutes a TORT and if the plaintiff wins his case he will receive damages to compensate him financially for the harm done to him by the defendant. As an alternative to damages the court may instead grant an injunction ordering the defendant to stop doing the act which is harming the plaintiff. Civil law judgements are enforced by the threat of imprisonment for contempt of court.

civil law

A system of laws with its origins in Roman and French statutes rather than the judicial decisions of English common law.See common law.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dezember 1987 uber das Internationale Privatrecht [IPRG] [Swiss Private International Law Act], Dec.
Dezember 1987 uber das Internationale Privatrecht, [IPRG] [Swiss Private International Law Act], Dec.
6) See Pierre Legrand, "Civil Law Codification in Quebec: A Case of Decivilianization" (1993) 1 Zeitschrift fur Europaisches Privatrecht 574.
62 RABELS ZEITSCHRIFT FUR AUSLANDISCHES UND INTERNATIONALS PRIVATRECHT [RABELSZ] 195, 211 (1998) (noting that the relevant treaty provision does not replace the real seat rule as a whole); see also Bernhard Grossfeld & Susanne Erlinghagen, Internationales Unternehmensrecht und deutsche unternehmerische Mitbestimmung [International Corporate Law and German Codetermination], 48 JURISTENZEITUNG [JZ] 217, 224-25 (1993) (on file with author) (arguing that the TFCN prescribes at most the internal affairs doctrine with regard to the legal capacity of corporations but leaving open the possibility that the TFCN does not concern conflict of laws questions at all).
corporations); Wulf-Henning Roth, Der Einfluss des Europaischen Gemeinschaftsrechts auf das Internationale Privatrecht [The Influence of European Community Law on the Rules Governing the Conflict of Laws], 55 RABELS ZEITSCHRIFT FUR AUSLANDISCHES UND INTERNATIONALS PRIVATRECHT [RABELSZ] 623, 651 (1991) (stressing in particular that Art.
Muller-Graff, <<Gemeinsames Privatrecht in der Europaischen Gemeinschaft : Ebenen und gemeinschaftsprivatrechtliche Grundfragen>> dans J.