subsidiarity

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Subsidiarity

In Catholic social justice theory, the idea that decisions should be made at the lowest feasible level of governance. That is, subsidiarity states that humans, while basically the same, sometimes have different needs and if possible should be able to solve their own problems without having solutions imposed upon them. This concept has been used to criticize socialism and state regulation more generally. See also: Solidarity.

subsidiarity

a principle enshrined in the MAASTRICHT TREATY which affirms that, wherever possible, decision-making in the EUROPEAN UNION (EU) should be ‘taken as close as possible to the citizens’ affected. This implies that matters affecting all member countries need to be resolved at an EU-wide level whereas matters affecting only an individual member country are best left to the member concerned. See SOCIAL CHAPTER, COMPETITION POLICY (EU).

subsidiarity

a term used in the context of the position of the EUROPEAN UNION (EU) authorities vis-à-vis individual member countries with regard to the locus of power and responsibilities in the application of central EU policies to member countries. For example, EU COMPETITION LAWS take precedence over the national competition laws of member countries. However, a subsidiarity provision can be invoked, which permits the competition authority of a member country to request permission from the EU Competition Directorate to investigate a particular dominant firm or merger case if it appears that the ‘European dimension’ is relatively minor compared to its purely local impact.
References in periodicals archive ?
The allocation of powers in the European Union: A closer look at the principle of subsidiarity.
According to the principle of subsidiarity, the production of national statistics is the responsibility of the national authorities, which check and analyse their data before transmitting it to Eurostat.
The difference seems to somehow relate to the principle of subsidiarity.
parameters for measuring it is what the principle of subsidiarity is
Short theoretical and empirical approach of the principle of subsidiarity
This illustration proves that paragraph 31 of Meca-Medina works in reverse as well: The rules of sport bodies that do not fall under competition provisions on the basis of their insignificant effect are within the exclusive competence of the Member States in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity enshrined in Article 5 EC.
inspired and governed by the principle of subsidiarity, and therefore capable of responding to the demands of the human family through binding international rules and through structures capable of harmonizing the day-today unfolding of the lives of peoples.
It added: "It is necessary that, in conformity with the principle of subsidiarity, member states have a European legal framework, which will allow them to exercise their competence in conformity with EU law.
The next wave of local government reforms should therefore consider whether, on the principle of subsidiarity, some of the functions currently vested with national quangos might be better undertaken either at regional or preferably at local government level.
One of the key themes of Catholic social teaching--characterized by the Compendium as "among the most constant and characteristic directives of the Church's social doctrine" (34)--is the principle of subsidiarity.
They find a considerable mismatch between public goods economies of scale, which the model predicts the EU would be best suited for, and heterogeneity areas, which the EU's own principle of subsidiarity suggests would be best suited for national and regional governments.

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