Prima Facie

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Prima Facie

In law, describing facts that, unless successfully refuted, would be sufficient to prove a fact. In both criminal and civil trials, the side with the burden of proof must establish at least a prima facie case. If this side fails to do so, the case is dismissed and the other side does not need to present its evidence. See also: Res ipsa loquitur.
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When discussing the Mangalasutta, for example, Hallisey states "The canonical text itself appears to be a list of thirty-eight prima facie duties, in Ross's sense" ("Ethical" 39).
Specifically, he worries that proposed definitions of prima facie duty are incoherent, circular or uninformative and that a theory of prima facie duties cannot give a plausible account of some of the phenomena it is supposed to explain, especially how competing reasons are related to one's overall decision.
Accordingly, the moral presumption against war would be construed as one of the prima facie duties of nonmaleficence--namely, the prima facie duty not to resort to the destructiveness of war.