time value of money

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Time value of money

The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar received today can earn interest up until the time the future dollar is received.

Time Value of Money

A fundamental idea in finance that money that one has now is worth more than money one will receive in the future. Because money can earn interest or be invested, it is worth more to an economic actor if it is available immediately. This concept applies to many contracts; for example, a trade in which payment is delayed will often require compensation for the time value of money. This concept may be thought of as a financial application of the saying, "A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush."

time value of money

The concept that holds that a specific sum of money is more valuable the sooner it is received. Time value of money is dependent not only on the time interval being considered but also the rate of discount used in calculating current or future values.

Time value of money.

The time value of money is money's potential to grow in value over time.

Because of this potential, money that's available in the present is considered more valuable than the same amount in the future.

For example, if you were given $100 today and invested it at an annual rate of only 1%, it could be worth $101 at the end of one year, which is more than you'd have if you received $100 at that point.

In addition, because of money's potential to increase in value over time, you can use the time value of money to calculate how much you need to invest now to meet a certain future goal. Many financial websites and personal investment handbooks help you calculate these amounts based on different interest rates.

Inflation has the reverse effect on the time value of money. Because of the constant decline in the purchasing power of money, an uninvested dollar is worth more in the present than the same uninvested dollar will be in the future.

time value of money

References in periodicals archive ?
In summary, in the model, the rigid expected present discounted value of wages in newly formed matches amplifies the response of firm's surplus to productivity shocks.
First, the individual chooses the T so as to maximize the present discounted value of future labor income, u(t, t) (see appendix):
The expected payoff is the expected present discounted value of future per capita GDP.
In FRB/US, the value of human capital is defined as the present discounted value of expected future wage income net of taxes and inclusive of transfer payments.
The creditor seeks to maximize the present discounted value of its consumption.
Christian applies the methodology of Jorgenson and Fraumeni (1989, 1992), who estimate the present discounted value of the future stream of earnings to investment in human capital.
Using a five percent interest rate, we estimate that within-patent entry alone reduces the present discounted value of years 0-16 sales by four percent ($11,313 vs.
t] for t less than break date K, where [Delta]/r is the limiting present discounted value term conditional on information available before the break date K.
For a worker retiring at age 62 or before, the annual benefit would have fallen by $1,700 and present discounted value by some $21,000.
In theory, the market value of the stock should be equal to the present discounted value of the future stream of rent from the stock, whereas depletion is the decline in the value of the stock associated with extraction in the current period.
Mitchell, Poterba, and Warshawsky present new information on the expected present discounted value of payouts on individual life annuities.
Consider a defined-benefit scheme with assets of 800m [pounds sterling], liabilities with a present discounted value of 1bn [pounds sterling]--calculated using the popular "medium cohort" projection (life expectancy of 19.