loss

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Loss

The opposite of gain.

Loss

Extracting less money from a transaction than one put into it. For example, a business' expenses may be $1 million for a year but it may only take in $800,000 in revenue. In such a case, the business has suffered a $200,000 loss. This is not always bad; most businesses lose money in the first few years of operation and this can reduce their tax liability when they do make a profit. However, losses over an extended period of time ultimately result in failure. See also: Gain, Paper Loss, Loss Carryforward, Loss Carryback.

loss

The deficiency of the amount received as opposed to the amount invested in a transaction. Compare gain. See also net loss.

loss

the shortfall between a firm's sales revenues received from the sale of its products and the total costs incurred in producing the firm's output (see BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS). Losses may be of a temporary nature occasioned by, for example, a downturn in demand (see BUSINESS CYCLE) or due to an exceptional level of expenditures (such as the launch of a series of new products). Short-term losses are usually financed by a firm running down its RESERVES or by an increase in borrowings. Losses which are sustained over time typically arise from a firm's poor competitive position in a market (see COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE), and unless competitiveness can be restored market exit or DIVESTMENT may be the only practical way of remedying the situation. See MARKET SYSTEM.

loss

the difference that arises when a firm's TOTAL REVENUES are less than TOTAL COSTS. In the SHORT RUN, where firms’ total revenues are insufficient to cover VARIABLE COSTS, then they will exit from the market unless they perceive this situation as being temporary. In these circumstances, where firms’ total revenues are sufficient to cover variable costs and make some CONTRIBUTION towards FIXED COSTS, then they will continue to produce despite overall losses. In the LONG RUN, however, unless firms’ revenues are sufficient to cover both variable and fixed costs, then their overall losses will cause them to exit from the market. See MARKET EXIT, LOSS MINIMIZATION, PROFIT-AND-LOSS ACCOUNT.
References in periodicals archive ?
Association of parental hyperhomocysteinemia and C677T Methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphism with recurrent pregnancy loss.
Efficacy of antibiotic therapy in preventing spontaneous pregnancy loss among couples colonized with genital mycoplasmas.
Several studies have linked high glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C) values (>8%) early in pregnancy to an increase in early pregnancy loss and congenital malformations.
Grieving for pregnancy loss differs from grieving for the death of the elderly in that the latter involves a display of real memories shared with the deceased whereas the previous involves a display of the attachment built on hopes and an imagined future with the unborn child.
It wants nurses to document their experience caring for women experiencing an early pregnancy loss, of any description.
We recommend that future influenza outbreak evaluations of women exposed to influenza with first or early second trimester pregnancy loss include collections of placental and fetal tissue samples.
Histopathological examination of the placentas in women with recurrent pregnancy loss, intrauterine growth retardation and pre-eclampsia have revealed lesions due to vascular hypoperfusion.
One in every four currently parenting women in the United States also experienced a pregnancy loss during her lifetime (Price, 2006), on the basis of data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (National Center for Education Statistics (2005).
The ASRM also for the first time is specifically defining recurrent pregnancy loss as a disease distinct from infertility, said Dr.
Systematic reviews generally support the positive association between tHcy and placenta-mediated conditions, including pregnancy loss, preeclampsia, and abruption (1, 12, 13).
The Secret Club Project: Artists on Pregnancy Loss," helps break the silence that surrounds the subject of pregnancy loss even though there are about 900,000 miscarriages in the United States each year.
With a group of professionals including experts in fertility, obstetrics, gynecology and embryology, IFC offers comprehensive obstetric, gynecology and fertility care starting from pre-pregnancy counseling, antenatal screening, high-risk pregnancy care, advanced endoscopic surgery, fertility treatment, pre-implantation genetic screening and diagnosis, recurrent pregnancy loss screening, and recurrent implantation failure treatment.