Affirmative Action

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Affirmative Action

A series of policies a government or organization pursues to help a given demographic group, especially a historical minority, in work and/or education. Affirmative action may be mild; for example, race may be one of a number of factors a university considers when deciding admission. On the other hand, it may impose stringent requirements; for example, a government may oblige companies to abide by gender quotas when hiring.

Affirmative action as a policy is quite controversial. Proponents argue it helps engender equality among groups in society. Critics contend it does (or at least can) reward less qualified persons at the expense of more qualified persons.

The term "affirmative action" is predominantly American. The concept is called positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, employment equity in Canada and reservation in India.
References in periodicals archive ?
Article 4 (2) opens the door to the positive discrimination for 'all communities' who are under-represented in public administration on both central and local level and public enterprises due to long-lasting disadvantageous status in the society, or with the terminology of the human rights law this paragraph deals with the temporary special measures.
Positive discrimination allowed a crooked cop to stay in his job.
Chairmen need to open their eyes and maybe practise positive discrimination by giving the one black candidate a chance and seeing how he does.
If you have a better or alternative idea of how Positive Discrimination Week can be celebrated within my exhibition, please turn up at the knit and natter session at the gallery on Saturday (2pm-4pm) and we can discuss it and maybe put some other plan into action.
Achieving a straight 50-50 male female split is unrealistic without positive discrimination of some sort.
Thus, practicing Muslims now feel that in order to compensate for the years of discrimination and unjust practices, they must be accorded with positive discrimination.
Powell insisted his example is crucial in the short term before any positive discrimination, such as American Football's Rooney Rule, is introduced.
I am willing to concede that a case can be made out against what looks like positive discrimination in the faith school pupils' favour, but C Cessford fails to offer a reasoned objection.
Employers' ability to issue six-month notifications of retirement using the statutory retirement procedure is ended, while an employer's right to use positive discrimination as a tiebreaker when making decisions on recruitment and promotion was added to the statute book.
Positive discrimination is sometimes required in order to break through the resistance of engrained cultural practices and preferences.
Is positive discrimination swinging the balance the other way?
That didn't go down well with many of the people there, including some women, who don't believe in positive discrimination and think candidates should be selected on merit.