PV

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PV

Present Value

The worth of a future amount of money at specific point in time. If one expects an investment to result in a cash flow at a certain time in the future, calculating the cash flow's present value will help the investor decide whether the investment results in a real profit. Calculating the present value assumes that the investor knows both the future amount and the applicable interest rate or rate of return. One discounts the interest rate or rate of return from the future amount in order to arrive at the present value. Mathematically, this is expressed as:

Ct = C(1 + i)-t where C is money, t is a number of years, and i is the interest rate or rate of return.

Present value of money is important in calculating bond yields, the value of annuities, and many other transactions. It is also used in comparing the value of two amounts of money existing in different times. See also: Adjusted for inflation.

PV

References in periodicals archive ?
To provide deeper insights into the pharmacovigilance market, the report has also been segmented by phase of drug development, type of reporting method and type of service provider.
The Health Minister emphasized that that success of pharmacovigilance depends on state of art reporting, cutting edge use of information and communications technology to process and analyze information for immediate corrective measures.
In August 2012, key stakeholders attended a national pharmacovigilance workshop hosted by the National Department of Health (NDoH) in collaboration with the University of Cape Town (UCT) supported by a grant from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Ansari said that since there are perceptions like drugs that are prohibited in the developed nations for their serious adverse effects are available and used in the developing world, effective pharmacovigilance systems that are integrated with the drug control processes are essential for public safety.
Both pharmacovigilance and clinical data management are expensive work, yet because they are process-driven, they are strong candidates for alternative delivery models.
The objective of this conference is to provide communication, education and networking opportunities for scientists engaged in Pharmacovigilance whether in academia, biotech or industry.
Clinquest has been providing CRO services to the pharmaceutical industry for more than 15 years, focusing on comprehensive clinical development and pre- and post-marketing pharmacovigilance services.
Social media platforms could soon play a vital role in pharmacovigilance in the Mena region.
This Joint Action aims to enable coordinated pharmacovigilance operations in the EU network, making best use of worksharing and resources.
com)-- Transparency Market Research "Pharmacovigilance Market Clinical Trial Phases (Pre-Clinical Studies, Phase I, Phase II, Phase III, Phase IV or Post-Marketing Surveillance) and Service Providers (In-House and Contract Outsourcing) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2013 - 2019," the global pharmacovigilance market was valued at USD 2,147.
Selon le CAPM Lla directrice du Centre anti poison et de pharmacovigilance du Maroc (CAPM), Mme Rachida Soulaymani Bencheikh, a indique, jeudi, que les medicaments presentent le troisieme facteur d'empoisonnement au Maroc, derriere la nourriture et les piqures de scorpions.

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