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1. The total return on an investment over a period of time.

2. A subjective measure of how an investment or the market generally is doing over a period of time.

3. In contracts, substantial completion of an agreed-upon task. That is, a party to a contract performs the contract when he has more-or-less completed what he has agreed to do, with no or only minor work left to do.


Performance, expressed as a percentage, measures the total return an investment provides over a specific period. It can be positive, representing a gain in value, or negative, representing a loss.

While return is reported on a second-to-second and day-to-day basis, short-term results are less significant an indicator of strength or weakness than performance over longer periods, such as one, five, or ten years.

Past performance is one of the factors you can use to evaluate a specific investment, but there's no guarantee that those results will be repeated in the future. What past performance can tell you is the way the investment has previously reacted to fluctuations in the markets, and, in the case of managed funds, something about the skills of the manager.

An investment is said to outperform when its return is stronger than the return of its benchmark or peers over the same period. Conversely, it is said to underperform if its results lag those of its benchmark or peer.


In contracts, the substantial completion of all duties and responsibilities. Note: The exact meaning of the word “substantial” is the cause of much litigation in contract law.
References in periodicals archive ?
Performances were analyzed both in entirety and in sections.
Students heard artist performances in entirety and phrase by phrase while viewing the piano roll.
On the other hand, gifted students and not low achieving ones have overestimated their performances more than normal achieving students have (Pajares, 1996).
Contrary to our third hypothesis, developmental students did not overestimate their performances more than regular admission students did.
Grammy voters chose Trisha Yearwood's ``How Do I Live'' as best female country performance.
I'll Be Missing You,'' won for best rap performance by a duo or group.
Participate in performance rehearsals during the weeks prior to a scheduled performance.
Think about what you will wear for your performance.
He also won best male pop vocal performance for the track from the ``Phenomenon'' movie soundtrack.
Sport psychologists believe peak performance is a consequence of both physical and mental factors.
Teachers attentive to performance anxiety issues in their students, and musicians wishing to decrease their level of performance anxiety, can strengthen this self-efficacy source by practicing graded mastery--that is, helping the student prepare for an upcoming event by scheduling many practice performances in situations more and more closely resembling the actual anticipated performance, beginning with situations where little or no anxiety is experienced and moving by degrees through performance situations where more anxiety is experienced.
Companies employ performance measures to manage risk as well as internal operations.