Passively managed

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Passive Management

The practice of a money manager or a team of money managers making investment decisions on what securities to include in a fund or portfolio, and then leaving those securities largely unchanged for a significant period of time. To give a very simple example, an investment manager may buy every stock on the Dow Jones Industrial Average and hold them for a period of five or 10 years. Passive investment managers seek a well diversified set of securities. See also: Indexing, Active investing, Value investing.

Passively managed.

An index mutual fund or exchange traded fund is described as passively managed because the securities in its portfolio change only when the make-up of the index it tracks is changed.

For example, a mutual fund that tracks the Standard & Poor's 500 Index buys and sells only when the S&P index committee announces which companies have been added to and dropped from the index.

In contrast, when mutual funds are actively managed, their managers select investments with an eye to enabling the fund to achieve its investment objective and outperform its benchmark index. Their portfolios tend to change more frequently as a result. They also tend to have higher fees.

The performance of passively managed indexed investments and their risk profiles tend to correspond closely to the asset class or subclass that the index tracks. They tend to be more popular in bull markets when their returns reflect the market strength and less popular in bear markets when active managers may provide stronger returns.

References in periodicals archive ?
Those asset classes may include actively managed investment funds as well as passively managed exchange-traded funds.
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Passively managed market-neutral funds don't seem like sure things, either.