9%) offered HPV genotyping tests for HRHPV-positive cases regardless of the Pap test
result and patient age.
Women without HIV receive a written invitation to have a Pap test
every 3 years if they are 23 to 49 years old and every 5 years if they are 50 to 65.
That is why, in addition to the pap tests
offered in public hospitals, the health ministry also announced in January that it will introduce free vaccines against cervical cancer from September 2016 to all 12 and 13-year-old girls in public and private schools.
Preventive Services Task Force called for Pap screening to begin no earlier than age 21 and within an interval of 3 years between routine Pap tests
for women aged 22-30 years.
5% in 2010 was observed in the percentage reporting a Pap test
within the preceding 12 months (Figure).
Women between the ages of 30 and 65 should have both a Pap test
and an HPV test every 5 years.
The benefits of the Pap test
are clear: The overall death rate in the United States from the disease has declined by 74 percent since the introduction of the Pap test
in the 1950s.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that women 30 years or older be offered an HPV DNA test in addition to a Pap test
A Pap test
for trans men isn't always an easy sell, but Scheim estimates that the majority of trans men have not had a hysterectomy that would include cervix removal, so they need to have regular Pap tests
Only women for whom the date of the last Pap test
was known or could be calculated were included in the analyses; 2,417 women (95% of those interviewed) met this criterion.
Women should have their first Pap test
three years after first sexual intercourse or by age 21, and women up to age 30 should undergo annual Pap testing.
A 59-year old physician friend of ours told us that her gynecologist sends her cards every year urging her to come in for an annual Pap test