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1. To make both buy and sell orders through different brokers to create the impression of increased interest in a security and thereby raise the price. This is a form of price manipulation and is forbidden by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. It is less formally known as churning.

2. In brokering, to make more trades on a client's holdings than are necessary in order to maximize commissions. Overtrading is illegal.


1. To purchase a client's securities at an above-the-market price in return for the client's purchase of part of a new issue.
2. See churn.
References in periodicals archive ?
To expect management teams to have forgotten the lessons learned in respect of over-trading or working capital is naive.
The demographic profile of the hot served chilled desserts market is broadly affluent (58% ABC1) and mature (71% aged 45 and over) as illustrated by the massive over-trading of Marks & Spencer, which makes up nearly a third of the market (but just 2.
In such instances, the strategy to avoid over-trading is to take "bite-sized portions" of the new deals.
For a chain of hearing aid centres over-trading might be reflected by difficulty in recruiting specialist staff or in monitoring what is happening across a far-flung empire.
This presentation will discuss the fear of missing out, how it leads to over-trading, under-trading, and the destructive behavior of focusing on the money.
The number one casualty-causer for businesses in this environment is over-trading.
While the most important reason for failure, unsurprisingly, is lack of demand, the second most important is over-trading.
Retailers over-trading in strong second and third-ranked brands would grow their categories, said Powell, adding that competition was the only way to stop categories falling in value as promotional discounts became steeper and more plentiful.
That many banks were over-trading beyond their total combined equity was never reported by external auditors, while financial journalists never commented on their extremely high-risk ventures.
A real danger is a failure to plan the financial requirements carefully, which can result in over-trading.
In abstaining from trying to call the shorter-term gyrations in markets we are heeding the warning of our Behavioural Finance team against over-trading.
Midland entrepreneur Craig Wright, chief executive of European elecronics manufacturer Exception, warned firms against the perils of over-trading as they emerge from the recession.