Each number is multiplied by the marginal outlay
at that point, and the sums are divided by the sums of the marginal outlays
, which is total outlay
at the final point.
This year's analysis also documents some interesting long-term shifts in regulatory spending patterns, including a trend in which overall outlays
devoted to economic regulatory activities, including price, quality, and entry regulation, are increasing at a faster rate than those aimed at social regulatory activities such as environmental, safety, and health issues.
Table 2 presents data for 1970-2011 on total state and local outlays
, federal transfers (or grants in aid) to states and localities, and the federal financing share.
For each $1 million in outlays
for office building operations, 24.
Although the IRS and the courts generally have been consistent in applying the requirement that a loan run directly from a shareholder to the S corporation, they have been inconsistent in a requiring the S shareholder to make an actual economic outlay
in the EU are primarily allocated to "Research financed from General University Funds", which alone accounted for 31.
Ransdell blamed the disparity on a funding formula that bases outlays
to states on per capita income rather than the actual number of impoverished residents.
26, reflect Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's policy of boosting spending on urban redevelopment and six other priority areas through a review of rigid public works spending outlays
, they said.
The flurry of increases in outlays
that occurred near the conclusion of last fall's budget deliberations is troubling because it makes the previous year's lack of discipline less likely to have been an aberration.
Some states receive more in federal outlays
than their residents pay in federal taxes.
In the first stage, firms and the consumer group compete by expending outlays
to win their prizes.
6 billion higher than a year earlier and outlays