gap

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Related to Osmolal gap: osmolar gap

Gap

Financing that is required, but for which no provision has been made. The difference in total funding needed for a proposal and the amount of funding already made available.

Gap

1. In technical analysis, a break on a chart representing a sudden and large price movement accompanied by high trading volume. Generally speaking, charts do not show gaps because price movements, even when large, occur smoothly enough to not require a break in the chart. Gaps may occur, for example, when the price of a security suddenly doubles or halves. As with many charting terms, it may be bullish or bearish; a sudden movement upward is a bullish gap, while a sudden movement downward is bearish. It is also called a breakaway gap.

2. Financing that is needed but unavailable. A common solution to filling a gap is borrowing.

gap

A price range in which no shares are traded. A gap on a chart is created when the lowest price at which a security trades on one day is above the highest price at which the same security was traded on the previous day. Thus, if a stock trades between a low of $51 and a high of $52.50 on Monday and between $53.50 and $54 on the following day, a gap from $52.50 to $53.50 is created on a chartist's graph. A gap may have varying degrees of significance, depending on the general formation and the volume at the time the gap occurs. Also called price gap. See also breakaway gap, exhaustion gap, runaway gap.

gap

A time period when an additional title search is being conducted to determine if any adverse findings have occurred since the original title search and the recording of the deed or mortgage.

References in periodicals archive ?
Because of their respective molecular weights (32 and 62 mg/mmol) and lethal concentrations (80 and 20 mg/dL), methanol at its lethal concentration will create a sizable osmolal gap (25 mOsm/kg), whereas ethylene glycol will not (3 mOsm/kg).
A normal osmolal gap should not be used to rule out toxic concentrations, initially or during treatment; genuine ethylene glycol concentrations are needed.
7 Serum osmoles, mOsm 367 358 296 Osmolal gap, mOsm/kg 75 72 6 EG (gas chromatography), mg/dL Unavailable 315 Unavailable EG (enzymatic assay), mg/dL Unavailable 308 50 Expected, day 2 Reference (if untreated) interval Sodium, mmol/L Normal 137-145 Potassium, mmol/L Normal 3.
Depending solely on the anion and osmolal gaps to diagnose and guide treatment of patients poisoned by EG can be misleading.
Less well known is ME DIE (for methanol, ethanol, diuretics such as mannitol, isopropyl alcohol, ethylene glycol), which helps us remember causes of increased osmolal gaps.
Although metabolism of ethylene glycol diminishes the osmolal gap, the generation of unmeasured acidic metabolites of ethylene glycol augments the anion gap [18,30].
In diabetic ketoacidosis, for example, the osmolal gap is due primarily to the accumulation of acetone, which may approach concentrations of 13 mmol/L, and the anion gap metabolic acidosis is due primarily to the accumulation of acetoacetate and [beta]-hydroxybutyrate [43,44].
Ethylene glycol poisoning was considered in this patient because the toxicology screen detected ethylene glycol and several of the key diagnostic features were present: cardiorespiratory compromise, increased anion gap metabolic acidosis, increased osmolal gap, renal insufficiency, and crystalluria.
If the poisoning is not detected until late in the clinical course, as in case 3, toxicokinetic variables affecting measurement of serum ethylene glycol and other variables such as the anion gap and osmolal gap may obscure the laboratory diagnosis of suspected ethylene glycol poisoning.