Off-the-Run Treasuries

Off-the-Run Treasuries

Any set of U.S. Treasury securities of a certain maturity except for the one most recently issued. For example, if the Treasury issues one year notes in May, June, and July, and it is now August, the off-the-run Treasuries are those issued in May and June. Off-the-run Treasuries are less actively traded than on-the-run Treasuries and as a result have a slightly higher yield.
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Off-the-run Treasuries are those that were auctioned one or more auctions earlier, and thus most of them are already settled in investors' portfolios and traded less frequently.
20) Of course, off-the-run Treasuries will mature one or two auction cycles earlier than on-the-run Treasuries with the same maturity, but the yield spreads used here have already been adjusted for this slight difference in maturity.
Liquidity-based asset pricing empirically helps explain (1) the cross-section of stock returns, (2) how a reduction in stock liquidity result in a reduction in stock prices and an increase in expected stock returns, (3) the yield differential between on- and off-the-run Treasuries, (4) the yield spreads on corporate bonds, (5) the returns on hedge funds, (6) the valuation of closed-end funds, and (7) the low price of certain hard-to-trade securities relative to more liquid counterparts with identical cash flows, such as restricted stocks or illiquid derivatives.
On-the-run nominal Treasury securities were viewed as the ultimate liquid instruments, but even off-the-run Treasuries benefited, which contributed to the sharp decline in their yields.
Reflecting this divergence, market participants have experimented with using off-the-run Treasuries as references for bringing new corporate issues to market.
Considerable differences exist between the market liquidity of on-the-run and off-the-run Treasuries.
The top of Chart 5 shows the average yields of 10-year off-the-run Treasuries and of 10-year on-the-run Treasuries.
First, TIPS are relatively new, which means they are less familiar to investors than off-the-run Treasuries and less likely to be traded frequently.
The fact that the liquidity premium on off-the-run Treasuries varies considerably over time suggests that the liquidity premium on TIPS is also highly variable.
Unfortunately, the same feature that may make off-the-run Treasuries a better gauge of Treasury market performance--their relative lack of liquidity--also makes them poor vehicles for hedging purposes as well as more susceptible to idiosyncratic price changes.
First, even prior to the crisis, spreads between swaps and off-the-run Treasuries were wide.
Second, and more importantly, the widening of yield spreads between on-the-run and off-the-run Treasuries is in fact the kind of reaction one can expect in a generalized market panic, where many counterparties were unclear as to the extent of risks being undertaken.