# Notional principal amount

Also found in: Acronyms.

## Notional principal amount

In an interest rate swap, the predetermined dollar principal on which the exchanged interest payments are based.

## Notional Principal Amount

In an interest rate swap, the arbitrary amount over which interest is calculated. Suppose the two legs of the swap are a fixed interest rate, say 3.5%, and a floating interest rate, say LIBOR + 0.5%, and the notional principal amount is \$1 million. In such a swap, the only things traded are the two interest rates, which are calculated over the notional principal amount. That is, the \$1 million is never exchanged, but the interest is calculated with reference to it. For example, the fixed interest is 3.5% of \$1 million (or \$35,000). It is also called the notional value.
References in periodicals archive ?
The amount payable by the counterparty to L also is payable at a specific interval (18 months after initiation of the swap or its earlier termination or assignment) and is calculated by reference to two separate specified indices (LIBOR and a published aviation fuel price index) upon combined notional principal amounts equal to \$500 million.
Higher notional principal values are suggestive of greater involvement in derivatives, while smaller notional principal amounts generally indicate relatively lighter derivatives activity.
The interpretation of notional principal amounts for end-user interest rate derivatives, however, has to be made carefully and should consider the potential limitations of notional principal information.
The semiannual interest payments are based on a \$100 million notional principal amount and are settled in arrears (Exhibit 1).
dollars on a notional principal amount of \$100 million.
Having met this objective, we are confident that we will achieve our first-year goal of completing transactions with a total notional principal amount of over \$5 billion.
5 percent absolute prepayment speed, the notional principal amount may be reduced more quickly than scheduled, which could result in a reduced yield to class I certificateholders or in the failure of investors to recoup their initial investment.
The extraordinary loss of \$9,855,000 in 1994 arose from the retirement of interest rate swaps, in the net notional principal amount of \$145 million, in conjunction with the previously announced (December 29, 1994) closing of a transaction between RCPI, Goldman Sachs Mortgage Company and Whitehall Street Real Estate Limited Partnership V.
Notional principal amounts often are used to express the volume of these transactions but do not represent the much smaller amounts potentially subject to credit risk.

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