This will generate a standard

normal deviate centered on 0 with a range of -6 to 6.

We calculated the GG by converting fructosamine into a standardized

normal deviate by subtracting the mean fructosamine from each value and dividing the result by the SD of fructosamine (4).

Statistical analysis was done according to method described by Snedecor and Cochran (1994) by using

normal deviate test.

Then, we can use the

normal deviate Z calculated as the difference of z and to, the transform of the hypothesized coefficient, divided by the standard error of z to test the null hypothesis.

1) were transformed to the reduced form, error terms for sample sizes of fifteen, twenty-five and forty were produced by a random

normal deviate generator and values for the endogenous variables were calculated.

The large sample

normal deviate transformation of chi-square proposed by Fisher and Yates (1963) formed the basis of the Z-variance test.

1 - [Alpha]/2] =

Normal Deviate for Significance Level ([Alpha] = 0.

With only two exceptions among the 12 tests (the 1975 1-m test with

normal deviate = -0.

Not applying the Greville correction would have led to a 30-fold overestimate of the study outcome's standard

normal deviate and effect size.

121): This is an approximately

normal deviate with variance 1/(N-3k), where [n.

The standard deviation for each

normal deviate, Z, is based on

The between-gender statistical difference was further evaluated by a standard

normal deviate test (z-test): the critical z value ([z.