Summarizing this, what we can conclude from Watkins is that paradigms are resistant to change and do not tolerate rivals; that a power vacuum does not develop between old and new paradigms; that new and old paradigms are not compatible; that a new paradigm does not replace an old one in stages but with a gestalt switch; and a new paradigm has no preliminary story--it is relatively drastic.
The contemporary sociology of religion observes a change in the paradigm of religion and the treatment of religion, asserting among other things that the master narrative in the old paradigm of sociology of religion is "linear secularization" while in the new paradigm it is "revival and routinization".
During the transition period, problems that can be resolved with the help of the old and new paradigm overlap to a great extent, but never totally.
Other interesting and valuable ideas with assessment implications in New Paradigms for College Teaching appear in David and Roger Johnson's "Academic Controversy: Increase Intellectual Conflict and Increase the Quality of Learning," in which the authors propose intense and complex peer interaction and judgmental autonomy, and in Tom Creed's "Extending the Classroom Walls Electronically," which describes his practice of having students e-mail their written assignments to him before class so he can make a preliminary evaluation to be followed up in class with further discussion and development.
Fundamentally, New Paradigms for College Teaching lives up to its name, providing practical, often radical, but in the case of every essay, contemporary, relevant, realistic, and experience-based insights and observations about the current state of the teaching art.
Barker (1992) states that cognizance of the future requires two abilities: (1) the ability to identify new paradigms, and (2) the ability to find ways to practice by new rules.
The approaching twenty-first century brings challenging new ways of seeing the world, new paradigms which see "the fruitful darkness" (Turner, 1993).
New Paradigms For OTC: Visionary Report That Tackles The Crucial Issues
This report consists of twelve challenging and provocative chapters, which define the new paradigms.
In launching the new practice area, Tillinghast seeks to establish new paradigms
of excellence in capital management and performance measurement for insurance companies.
New Paradigm 1: Urban informal settlers exhibit economic and social rationality in firmly resisting relocation to distant resettlement sites and insisting on remaining in the city.
New Paradigm 2: Differential approaches to financial arrangements are needed for economically mixed poor populations.