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The state in which all relevant information is fully and freely available to the public. Nearly every analyst agrees that transparent markets are desirable because they lead to greater efficiency. Laws and regulations exist in most jurisdictions encouraging or mandating transparency. For example, the SEC requires disclosure forms declaring a great many different actions when or immediately after they occur. Likewise, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is designed to increase transparency in accounting. A minority view holds that these laws and regulations intended to create transparent markets in fact reduce efficiency. Others contend that markets are efficient with or without transparency. See also: Efficient market hypothesis.


The full, accurate, and timely disclosure of information.
Case Study Ford Motor Company executives indicated in spring 2001 that the company planned to provide shareholders and analysts with greater transparency of the firm's financial results. As part of the improved transparency, Ford was expected to report separate results from its Premier Automotive Group (PAG), comprising Aston Martin, Jaguar, Lincoln, Land Rover, and Volvo Cars. In the prior year Ford reported an operating loss of $35 million in Europe only because income from PAG and customer services mostly offset operating losses of nearly $1 billion in its other European operations. At the time Ford did not report profits for individual brands or product groups. Transparency permits shareholders and analysts a greater understanding of a firm's operations, including which parts of the firm are most and least profitable. This, in turn, places greater pressure on the firm's management to produce acceptable results in all facets of a company's operations.


Transparency is a measure of how much information you have about the markets where you invest, the corporations whose stocks or bonds you buy, or the mutual funds or other investments you select.

For example, in order to achieve maximum transparency in US markets, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires corporations to disclose all information that might have an impact on their financial status so that investors can make fully informed decisions.

Real-time trading information, increasingly available to individuals as well as institutional investors, and linked pricing systems are other steps toward complete transparency.

References in periodicals archive ?
Historically, a lack of on-demand network transparency has been cited by agencies as a buying hurdle for the platform.
With interCLICK's deep network transparency, the auto manufacturer was able to see how well its campaign performed on a site-by-site basis across the network in order to adjust segments and allocations for future campaigns.
Network transparency - instantly allowing solutions to be deployed into any network, including complex, high bandwidth networks found in service providers and ISPs
As well as security standards that can be updated continuously, the innovative software suite offers a diversity of functions in the fields of inventory management and network transparency.
Amdocs OSS can deliver the automation and network transparency for 'right first time' fulfillment, an essential requirement for gaining a competitive advantage necessary to attract and retain subscribers.
Orbital Data's AutoOptimizer System is unique in the industry in its network transparency and its ability to "auto-optimize" WAN links, providing a simpler and smarter way to deliver LAN-like performance to remote users over the WAN, while being significantly easier to deploy and manage than competitive solutions.
Developed by American Imaging Management (AIM), a subsidiary of Anthem's parent company, OptiNet(SM) is the first-ever web-based network transparency tool for physicians.
The test revealed that Orbital Data delivered unmatched network transparency when compared to other WAN optimization vendors that limit their offerings to tunneling-based solutions.
Isilon's combination of intelligent software and industry-standard hardware is the perfect complement to Foldera's unique offering, delivering the ease of use, network transparency, 'on the fly' scalability and industry-leading reliability required for Foldera to enable anyone, anywhere, to communicate, collaborate, and manage shared files using its service.

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