Also found in: Acronyms.
A measure of a company's ability to repay all debt if it were called immediately. It is calculated by adding short-term and long-term debt and subtracting all cash and cash equivalents. Many investors use net debt in making investment decisions, as it gives them an idea of a company's financial health and its level of leverage compared to liquid assets. Some industries may have more net debt than others; therefore, investors often compare a company's net debt to others in the same business.