National Labor Relations Act

(redirected from National Labor Relations Act of 1935)

National Labor Relations Act

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1935, that protects workers from employer retaliation if they form a labor union. It prohibits employers from coercing employees into refraining from organizing. It also prohibits employers from discriminating against employees who argue publicly in favor or against organizing and requires companies to negotiate with employee representatives. It requires each unit of employees to be represented only by one organization. The Act created the National Labor Relations Board, which investigates and enforces potential violations. It is also called the Wagner Act.
References in periodicals archive ?
Congress passed the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (the NLRA
The most significant piece of legislation in that regard was the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, also referred to as the Wagner Act, named after its chief sponsor, Senator Robert Wagner of New York.
Selected statutes include the Sherman Act, Clayton Act, Railway Labor Act of 1926, National Labor Relations Act of 1935, Federal Arbitration Act, and US Bankruptcy Code.
While the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 extended the right to collectively bargain to private sector employees, it did not include such rights for public employees.
The Norris-LaGuardia Act of 1932 and the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 swung the tide in favor of unions, outlawing "yellow-dog" contracts that would allow workers the freedom to choose not to join a union as a condition of employment, prohibiting federal judges from issuing injunctions to prevent strikes (and to protect private property rights), and forcing workers and employers to accept "exclusive representation" once a union is validated by majority vote.
One area of agreement on both sides, however, is that the effects of the EFCA would be broad and sweeping, with many experts predicting that passage of the bill could trigger the largest unionization drive since the National Labor Relations Act of 1935.
The card check bill would eliminate over 70 years of precedent established under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935.
The bill would eliminate more than 70 years of precedent established under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 by taking away employees' freedom to choose whether to join a union under a federally supervised, secret ballot election.
Moreover, there could be even more "voice" for non-union workers if it were not for a provision in the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 prohibiting management from establishing or assisting any "labor organization.
Unlike other employees, supervisors do not have protected rights under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 to form and join unions.
The NLRB ruled that the worker committees were, indeed, "labor organizations" under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (the Wagner Act).

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