employment, wages, and poverty following the end of the multi-fibre arrangement.
This report for policy makers assesses the effects of the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA) and the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ACT) in 2005, analyzing the effects on employment, wages, poverty, and the structure of the apparel industry in nine countries in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
The textile industry collapsed in some countries after the expiration in late 2005 of WTO's Multi-Fibre Arrangement
, which largely put an end to quota advantages for African countries.
Then in January 2005, the Multi-Fibre Arrangement
, which governed the world's textile trade expired and negatively affected Lesotho's status under the African Growth and Opportunity Act causing a catastrophic shakeout of the textile industry in the country.
US imports of textiles and clothing covered by the former Multi-Fibre Arrangement
(MFA) continued to surge in 2004, rising by 10.
A key case is negotiations on the lifting of textile quotas when the global multi-fibre arrangement
expires in 2004.
Textile quotas under the Multi-Fibre Arrangement
cost poor countries |pounds~35bn ($52.
These had restricted Chinese supplies since the 1980s -- first under the Multi-Fibre Arrangement
(MFA) and more recently under the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).
She covers global buyers, the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement
, and the global economic crisis; clothing exports in low-income countries in Sub-Saharan Africa from footloose to regional integration; Cambodia's clothing exports from assembly to full-package supplier; Bangladesh's clothing exports from lowest cost to broader capabilities; and how to compete in the post-quota and post crisis world.
Its central feature is the phasing out of a set of bilateral quotas called the Multi-Fibre Arrangement
Furthermore, they include, in addition to tariff reductions, the phasing out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement
(MFA) and the integration of agriculture into the multilateral trading framework.
The impact of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing to liberalize trade by 2005 will be critical for textile exporters in these countries with the removal of the quotas associated with the Multi-Fibre Arrangements