Median Voter

Median Voter

The theoretical person who is precisely in the middle of the political spectrum of his/her community. That is, the median voter's political views are equidistant from both the most right-wing and the most left-wing person in his community. In electoral politics, it is thought that the median voter (or group of median voters) tips the election to one candidate or the other. As a result, many politicians seek to appear to be moderate prior to an election.
References in periodicals archive ?
A concept from economics called the median voter theorem provides one explanation for this wobbliness.
95) The third sector view is rooted in neoclassical economic assumptions, and bridges public choice and median voter theories.
Income Inequality, the Median Voter, and the Support for Public Education.
If the median voter has lower-than-average productivity, a proportional tax on labor used to finance the lump-sum subsidy implies a net income transfer to this voter.
Another theory suggests that the presence of a middle class means that the median voter is wealthier, thereby encouraging autocrats to engage in political liberalization because they no longer fear that universal suffrage will result in demands for excessive redistribution.
Further, the report says that evidence of these two effects suggests that there will be consequences from the median voter living further and further from city centers.
And this comes in the context of a German population where the median voter was 50 years old in the last national elections in 2009.
In a democratic capitalist system, median voter belongs to the middle class, whose main agenda is to redistribute wealth from high-income people to lower income people, collected mostly through taxes.
median voter in the polity as a whole is also the median voter in the
Luttmer, Dartmouth College and NBER, "The Perception of Social Security Incentives for Labor Supply and Retirement: The Median Voter Knows More Than You'd Think"
After nature provides the status quo, and assuming majority rule, the basic legislative game follows two steps: The median voter begins by proposing a policy alternative, which she then supports with her (decisive) vote.
In a constitutional democracy, we are far from thinking that the sole object of government is to satisfy the preferences of the median voter.