Marine Mammal Protection Act

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Marine Mammal Protection Act

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1972, that prohibited the hunting or killing of marine mammals such as dolphins and whales. It also imposed a moratorium on the sale, import and export of marine mammals. Later legislation provided for exceptions for marine mammals captured in the process of fishing, but this remained controversial. The Act was intended to prevent species depletion. See also: Endangered Species Act.
References in periodicals archive ?
The processes are similar and rigorous under the variety of federal laws that apply, principally the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 and the Endangered Species Act of 1973.
Then the federal Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 outlawed seal killing.
Sei whales are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 and they are listed as endangered in Endangered Species Act of 1973.
Accordingly, they already receive some protection under the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972.
CONGRESS ON THE MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972, 1999-2000, at 61
The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 makes it illegal to harass, hunt, capture, collect or kill any marine mammal or attempt to engage in any such contact.
The United States responded to this pressure by enacting the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 ("MMPA"), which aimed to prevent the "taking" of dolphins in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean.
sections] 1978 (1994) [hereinafter Pelly Amendment]; Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, 16 U.
The California sea lion is protected by the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, and its numbers are growing due to the fishing of sharks, its natural predator.
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) and the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (MMPA) are the two primary Federal statutes that protect marine mammals and threatened and endangered species in Hawaiian waters, and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 protects seabirds.
Such provisions include subsections 609(c) and 610(b) of the High Seas Driftnet Fishing Moratorium Protection Act, as enacted by section 403 of the Act; section 408 of the Act; and section 505 of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, as enacted by section 902 of the Act.
The passage of such legislation as the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 and the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act has given NOAA specific responsibilities in environmental management and modified its role from that of a scientific and technical agency into one that deals with the many social, political, and economic problems of fisheries and the environment.
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