Third World

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Third World

A term for developing countries. Originally used for countries that did not side explicitly with either the United States (the First World) or the Soviet Union (the Second World) during the Cold War, it has become a byword for countries with less wealth relative to others. The term is sometimes considered politically incorrect.

developing country

or

less developed country

or

underdeveloped country

or

emerging country

or

Third World

country a country characterized by low levels of GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT and INCOME PER HEAD. See Fig. 51 . Such countries are typically dominated by a large PRIMARY SECTOR thatproduces a limited range of agricultural and mineral products and in which the majority of the POPULATION exists at or near subsistence levels, producing barely enough for their immediate needs, thus being unable to release the resources required to support a large urbanized industrial population. The term ‘developing’ indicates that, as seen by most such countries, the way to improve their economic fortunes is to diversify the industrial base of the economy by, in particular, establishing new manufacturing industries and by adopting the PRICE SYSTEM. To facilitate an increase in urban population necessary for INDUSTRIALIZATION, a nation may either IMPORT the necessary commodities from abroad with the FOREIGN EXCHANGE earned from the EXPORT of the (predominantly) primary goods, or it can attempt to improve its own agriculture. With appropriate ECONOMIC AID from industrialized countries and the ability and willingness on the part of a developing country, the transition into a NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRY could be made.

Certain problems do exist, however. For instance, increases in real income that are achieved need to be maintained, which means keeping population numbers in check. Illiteracy and social customs for large families tend to work against governmental efforts to increase the STANDARD OF LIVING of its citizens. Also, most of the foreign exchange earned by such countries is by exporting, mainly commodities (see INTERNATIONAL TRADE). See ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRY, DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION TRAP, INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY AGREEMENTS, UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT, INTERNATIONAL DEBT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Focusing on the non-Western areas where the majority of the world's population resides, the authors explore options for adapting and transforming schools to better respond to the needs and aspirations of local populations, and that reflect the values and worldviews of the majority world.
The authors here provide a menu of ideas to engage the changes taking place in the world and the church so that Christians can be relevant, not only to those in the West, but also to those from the majority world.
Facilities that host student placements benefit from the students knowledge, skill, and enthusiasm, which are valuable commodities in the majority world.
The West seems set in a misanthropic mode that bates the narrative breath in an attempt to produce authorless texts, while the Majority World values the individual but is highly critical of elitist self-consciousness.
We are balancing our desire to distribute the IBMR as widely as possible, especially in the Majority World, at a price people can afford and in a useful and convenient format, with our need to produce the journal at a significant cost reduction.
However, this is but one aspect of the world's food system that Patel focuses on to demonstrate that most of the world's farmers, and certainly those in the majority world, are "at the blunt end of abuses of power.
There is a clear and present danger in the world today: a complex interplay of discrimination, global poverty, majority world debt, infectious disease--the haves and the have-nots--global inequality and deepening socio-economic divisions that are key elements of global insecurity .
But do we truly think of our brothers and sisters in the majority world as our family?
Stop the War Coalition spokeswoman Carmel Brown said: ``This is a war that is ``in materialbreach'' of the express wishes of not just the the British population, but majority world opinion.
This article deals with five significant facets of mission research as experienced within a Majority World mission movement: (1) the role of a mission researcher in the development of the Korean missionary movement, (2) empirical research as incarnational, (3) the significance of humility in integrating various disciplines, (4) the need to update the methodology of mission research, and (5) future prospects for mission research.
In Africa and other parts of the majority world church, John 10:10 is the biblical metaphor for grace.
Perkins wrote his book with the benefit of personal experience--he was once an EHM himself until he decided to turn his back on the empire he served to advocate for the oppressed and exploited peoples of the majority world.