In addition, the distinction between meso- and local-level governments
merits considerably more attention than it has received.
For his part, Ma has blamed the island's Central Weather Bureau for its inaccurate predictions of rain, local-level governments
for inaction, and affected villagers for ''not realizing how serious this disaster was'' before the storm hit.
This dedication of funds, programs, and decision-making powers to local-level governments
In May 2009, the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, representatives of project area landowners, and four provincial and 10 local-level governments
approved the PNG LNG Umbrella Benefits Sharing Agreement, confirming support from landowners and all levels of PNG government.