Elizabeth Phillips

(redirected from Lizzie Magie)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Elizabeth Phillips

An American socialist and game designer, also known as Lizzie Magie. She is best known for her invention of The Landlord's Game, a board game that was the precursor to Monopoly. She created it around 1903 to demonstrate what she thought of as the abuses created by the capitalist system. Phillips lived from 1866 to 1848.
References in periodicals archive ?
The reality of the game's evolution is one of humble beginnings worlds away from the myth: first in the hands of stenographer and poet Lizzie Magie, who around 1900 devised The Landlord's Game, based on the theories of 19th-century economist Henry George and his "single tax"; then to a Williams College professor, who taught the game to Quaker friends, who eventually introduced it to their friends in Atlantic City, New Jersey, where the game took on its distinct street and place names.
Rather, it was simply a repackaging of a game called the Landlord's Game, invented in 1903 by a fervent feminist named Lizzie Magie.
Its origin traces to "The Landlord's Game," invented by Lizzie Magie and patented in 1904.
Early versions included a game by American George Parker called Banking in 1883 and The Landlord's Game by Lizzie Magie in 1904.