Review of every single reported liquidated damages clause
of the past 100 years revealed their wide New York acceptance as they advance both these goals as well as the overarching goal to encourage people to abide by their contractual obligations.
If parties fail to consider the legal standard of enforceability and the economic components of an enforceable liquidated damages clause
, they might be surprised when it comes time to seek enforcement of the clause in the New York State courts.
For example, a Florida case holding that "[a] provision for liquidated damages in a contract does not necessarily bar injunctive relief against its breach" adds, in the next sentence, "If, however, it appears that the liquidated damages clause
was intended to furnish a party the alternative of performance or payment or was to be an exclusive remedy, an injunction will not be issued.
even if a damages clause is not a liquidated damages clause
This article reviews the application of a liquidated damages clause
to an employment restrictive covenant agreement and emphasizes how practitioners can draft enforceable clauses for their business clients' protection.
Another alternative is to use a modified liquidated damages clause
that includes some sort of cap, either at a specific dollar amount or a specified percentage of the contract price.
Shortly thereafter, upon consulting with family members who advised him that the liquidated damages clause
was not enforceable, he stopped payment on the check.
The amount of liquidated damages agreed on must be reasonable; otherwise the courts will not enforce the liquidated damages clause
In the United States, a contract clause stipulating the amount of damages to be paid in the event of a breach may be considered either as a liquidated damages clause
or a penalty clause.
Because there was a liquidated damages clause
that would limit KLP's loss to the deposit plus monthly damages if it defaulted, the Tax Court viewed the $900,000 payments as resembling amounts paid to retain the"option to complete or not complete the transaction.
If an agreement is broken a liquidated damages clause
makes monetary recovery more likely.
For example, a lease preventing a tenant from opening another store within two miles of the leased premises and providing that if the tenant did so in spite of the prohibition, then 100 percent of the gross sales at the other store would be included as gross sales from the leased premises for purposes of calculating percentage rent, may be an unreasonable and therefore unenforceable liquidated damages clause