This type of luxation has not been described in dogs or birds, and requires rupture of the cruciate ligaments, tibiofibular ligament, and the interosseus ligament, without damage to the lateral collateral ligament
These include the lateral collateral ligament
, lateral meniscus, the bursa deep to popliteus, a tendinous expansion from vastus lateralis, the tendon of biceps femoris, fascia lata, and the joint capsule (Figures 2 and 3).
Lateral collateral ligament
of the elbow joint: Anatomy and kinematics.
Fitzgerald had scans of his left knee done after the game and it was confirmed that he sustained a ruptured lateral collateral ligament
An Irish Rugby Football Union statement read: "Following medical review and scans of his left knee, it has been confirmed that Fitzgerald sustained a ruptured lateral collateral ligament
that will require surgical repair.
Valgus and varus stability should be examined at 0[degrees] and 30[degrees] of flexion to determine whether an associated lateral collateral ligament
(LCL) or medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury is present.
The only ligament he did not tear was the lateral collateral ligament
At this point, you need to make sure that you are not dealing with another condition, such as a chronic meniscal (cartilage) tear, a sprained lateral collateral ligament
(LCL), or lateral chondromalacia (a softening of the cartilage).