automation

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Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
Masahide founded the Cherry Blossom Symposium, a conference that brought together the leading international figures and companies in the laboratory automation field to explore technologic developments as well as to sample some of the best Asian food and culture.
But the commercial promise of the technique and its place within laboratory automation is still unknown, as evidenced by the lack of microchip vendor exhibits.
A key component of the new full laboratory automation in Microbiology is the use of smart incubators, which place each individual plate on its own shelf.
May 10 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- For most of the past two years, the leaders of the Society for Biomolecular Sciences (SBS) and the Association for Laboratory Automation (ALA) have been strategizing a merger to unite their scientific societies as one inclusive organization -- the Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS).
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The Institute for Laboratory Automation is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization focused on education and research into laboratory automation.
Jouan's acquisition is a logical expansion for the company into laboratory automation and robotics.
Since 1990, there has been a rapid increase in the installation of total laboratory automation systems and/or modular systems, particularly in the US, Japan, and Europe.
The global outlook series on Laboratory Automation provides a collection of statistical anecdotes, market briefs, and concise summaries of research findings.
To provide essential information to aid laboratory managers and executives in their automation decision-making process, there is a newly published white paper entitled "Buyer's Guide for Clinical Laboratory Automation -- Achieving High Production Lab Automation and Lean Workflow: What Lab Managers should know before issuing the RFP.
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