Kyoto Protocol

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Kyoto Protocol

An international treaty intended to combat global warming that limits the amount of greenhouse gases that nations may emit. Every major country in the world has ratified the Kyoto Protocol except the United States (which never ratified it) and Canada (which withdrew in 2011). The treaty was signed in 1997 and came into effect in 2005.
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The Kyoto pact requires industrialized countries to cut their greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels by an average of 5.
A substantive debate on the future of the Kyoto pact has been postponed until next year's climate meeting in South Africa or later.
In a related move, the Petroleum Association of Japan, an industry group of oil wholesalers, said in January that it plans to introduce about 360,000 kl of plant-derived ethanol in fiscal 2010 to contribute to Japan's achievement of goals under the Kyoto pact.
Japanese Environment Minister Sakihito Ozawa deplored the stalled negotiations, telling reporters that making no progress in talks due to developing countries' adherence to the Kyoto pact would not serve the ultimate goal of slashing carbon dioxide emissions.
The Kyoto pact, adopted in Kyoto in 1997, requires industrialized countries to slash emissions of their greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, from 1990 levels by an average of 5.
Under the Kyoto pact, only developed countries are required to slash emissions.
The text says developing countries, which are not required to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions under the Kyoto pact, will take action to lower their emissions, so that the growth in total emissions would be curbed in 2020 as a whole.
Some developing countries are calling for a second commitment period under the Kyoto pact to require developed countries to make further reductions.
Agreement on hot air is key to the Doha delegates extending the life of the Kyoto pact, whose first leg expires on December 31.
He said the government will try to fulfill the target under the Kyoto pact by urging the public to save more energy and electricity and by starting at an early date to expand renewable energy use.
In an audio tape obtained by Al Jazeera, bin Laden criticised George Bush, the former US president, for rejecting the Kyoto pact and condemned global corporations.
Andrew Macintosh, Associate Director of the Australian National University's Center for Climate Law and Policy, said the government's new stance would harm international negotiations to reach a strong agreement to replace the Kyoto pact.

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