joint venture

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Joint venture

An agreement between two or more firms to undertake the same business strategy and plan of action. See: Incorporated joint venture and Unicorporated joint venture.

Joint Venture

A project or other business activity in which two persons or companies partner together to conduct the project. In a joint venture, each of the persons or companies in the joint venture is responsible for profits, losses, and operations. A joint venture operates like a partnership and is usually taxed like one. A key difference between a joint venture and a partnership is the fact that a joint venture, when it involves companies, does not necessitate the merging of all the companies' operations and interests; rather, they cooperate for purposes of the joint venture only.

joint venture

A business undertaken by two or more individuals or companies in an effort to share risk and use differences in expertise. For example, oil companies often enter into joint ventures on particularly expensive projects carrying a high risk of failure. See also consortium.

joint venture

a business owned jointly by two (or more, in some cases) independent firms who continue to function separately in all other respects but pool together their resources in a particular line of activity. Firms set up joint ventures for a variety of reasons. The combining together of the resources of the two firms may facilitate the establishment of a larger-scale operation giving the joint venture access to economies of scale and increasing its penetration of the market. A joint venture is often a particularly effective way of exploiting complementary resources and skills, with one firm, for example, contributing new technology and products and the other providing marketing expertise and distribution channels. In the international context, joint ventures with local partners are often used by MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES as a means of entering unfamiliar foreign markets (see FOREIGN MARKET SERVICING STRATEGY).

Joint ventures are usually a less expensive way of expanding a firm's business interests than undertaking full mergers and takeovers (see EXTERNAL GROWTH); and they also allow firms to withdraw from a particular activity more easily (see DIVESTMENT). The main problem with joint ventures centres on the need to secure agreement between the two partners (especially if it is a 50 – 50 arrangement) as to how the business should be managed and developed. See BUSINESS STRATEGY, STRATEGIC ALLIANCE.

joint venture

a form of STRATEGIC ALLIANCE in which a business is owned jointly by two or more independent firms that continue to function separately in all other respects but pool their resources in a particular line of activity. Firms set up joint ventures for a variety of reasons. The combining of the resources of the two firms may facilitate the establishment of a larger-scale operation, giving the joint venture access to ECONOMIES OF SCALE and increasing its penetration of the market. A joint venture is often a particularly effective way of exploiting complementary resources and skills, with one firm, for example, contributing new technology and products and the other providing marketing expertise and distribution channels. In the international context, joint ventures with local partners are often used by MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES as a means of entering unfamiliar foreign markets.

Joint ventures are usually a less expensive way of expanding a firm's business interests than undertaking full mergers and takeovers (see EXTERNAL GROWTH). The main problem with joint ventures centres on the need to secure agreement between the two partners (especially if it is a 50–50 arrangement) as to how the business should be managed and developed.

joint venture

A legal entity somewhat similar to a partnership,except that its purpose is the pursuit of a single transaction for the mutual benefit of both joint venturers. Each joint venturer has equal rights of direction and control. For tax purposes, the joint venture is treated as a partnership and must file a partnership tax return.

Joint Venture

An enterprise participated in by associates acting together, with a community of interests, each associate having the right to participate in its management. For income tax purposes, a joint venture is treated as a partnership, not taxable in its own capacity, but regarded as a taxpayer for the purpose of computing its taxable income, which is distributable among the associates in the proportions agreed upon. Such distributive shares are reported by the associates on their individual income tax returns.
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, the ultimate result in this case may have implications for joint ventures between nonprofit and for-profit entities beyond the medical community.
Columbian and Kumho will form a joint venture, Columbian Chemicals Korea (CCK) to produce rubber and industrial carbon blacks for customers throughout the Asian region.
In order to expedite time-consuming process of customer activation, the joint venture has started to set up a local area network which permits the activation of pagers at remote sites.
If anything, accounting for joint ventures will become more sophisticated.
The joint venture is a low-cost alternative to securitization, another widely publicized method of outsourced financing.
If the IRS interprets the ruling on such a strict basis, some whole hospital joint ventures currently in place may follow in the footsteps of the Columbia/Arlington joint venture.
The governing documents should provide that all returns of capital and distributions of earnings to the owners of the joint venture will be in proportion to their ownership interest in the joint venture.
The Foreign joint venture partner's organization structure:
This joint venture, signed in November 2005, also has a minimum duration of two years and a minimum expenditure level for each of the two years.
The six main properties that have been developed by the joint venture include the following: MacFadyen kimberlite property, the Kyle kimberlite properties, McFaulds Lake VMS properties, Diagnos initiative properties, Freewest option property and the Wawa property.
As previously reported, in 1987, subsequent to the contract awards, Perini and Mergentime entered into an agreement under which Perini withdrew from the joint ventures and Mergentime assumed complete control over the performance of both projects.

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