parties

(redirected from Joinder of Additional Parties)
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parties

In litigation, the various people or companies with grievances or defenses that wish to be heard by the court. Types of parties include

• Plaintiff. Files the lawsuit.
• Defendant. The person the suit is against.
• Counterplaintiff. A defendant who has claims against the plaintiff.
• Counterdefendant. The plaintiff who is also sued by the defendant.
• Cross-claimants. Defendants who sue each other.
• Third-party defendants. When a defendant decides someone else should be added to the lawsuit because the defendant has claims against that person and it is all related to the same dispute. (Typically occurs when the defendant seeks indemnity from another.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the changes include new provisions that allow for emergency arbitration as well as joinder of additional parties and consolidation of multiple arbitrations, expedited procedures that apply to lower value disputes, and amendments that encourage mediation.
The text of Rule 20 does speak of "plaintiffs" and "defendants," but seems to treat these terms as synonymous with "claiming" and "defending" parties in general--no one doubts that multiple parties can join in asserting joint counterclaims and cross-claims even if the joinder of additional parties does not invoke Rule 13(h) (and hence its incorporated reference to Rule 20), or that multiple defendants can join together as third-party plaintiffs and in turn may join multiple third-party defendants in a single third-party complaint.
86) Transactional relationship was equally irrelevant to the rules of aggregation that governed the joinder of additional parties.