invention

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invention

see RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

invention

the creation of new production techniques and processes and new products that can be developed into usable processes and products through INNOVATION. Invention is an important means for a firm to improve its competitive position over rival suppliers by enabling it to lower supply costs and prices to consumers and to provide consumers with improved products. These benefits also improve overall MARKET PERFORMANCE. Certain kinds of MARKET STRUCTURE may be more conducive to invention insofar as they offer better incentives and resources for undertaking RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (see MONOPOLY for further discussion).

In a more general way, invention can add to the growth of national income and output (see ECONOMIC GROWTH) by the qualitative improvement of a country's CAPITAL STOCK as investment in new technologies improves PRODUCTIVITY. See TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, PATENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
68] Claus Michael Ringel, Hall algebras and quantum groups, Inventiones Math ematicae 101 (1990) pp.
Grazie alla perizia narrativa espressa da Boccaccio, abile manipolatore di fonti plurime e svariati modelli, nel modulo dell'esotismo si fissa un catalogo di inventiones funzionali allo sviluppo della fabula, le quali servono al pari di altri elementi e figure alla definizione del genere.
Wahl, Local contributions to global deformations of surfaces, Inventiones Math.