DISC

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Intervertebral Disc (ID) tissue is a cartilaginous structure connecting the vertebral bodies and allowing movement of the spine (Schroeder et al.
However, in all such cases, the invariable involvement of intervertebral disc spaces has been seen.
This damage can range from small partial muscle or ligament tears to overstretched nerves and shearing-stress injury of the intervertebral discs.
It has been hypothesized that the intervertebral disc experiences a different axial loading pattern, which may account for symptom alteration, when the trunk is upright compared to supine.
Fine-needle aspiration biopsy has become of immense value in the diagnosis of radiologically detected vertebral and intervertebral disc lesions.
The lordosis keeps the intervertebral discs and surrounding ligaments in a neutral position producing minimal back strain.
The Biostat System consists of BIOSTAT BIOLOGX Fibrin Sealant, a human derived, resorbable biologic tissue sealant, and a proprietary application system designed to safely deliver the biologic to the intervertebral disc.
Due to aging, obesity and sedentary lifestyle, intervertebral discs degenerate, leading to the progressive stiffening of the column.
4) An additional and equally important role of the facets is to provide restriction to the extent of motion, reducing the exposure of the intervertebral discs to torsional and shear loads, as well as limiting the extent of spinal flexion, extension and lateral bending.
Spondylodiscitis in adults is a rare inflammatory disorder of the intervertebral discs and the adjacent vertebral bodies.
In the past, we have tended to look too much at the intervertebral discs and other structures of the spine when treating back pain, while ignoring the muscles.
Part two discusses the use of bone substitutes and artificial intervertebral discs whilst part three covers topics such as the use of injectable biomaterials like calcium phosphate for vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty as well as scoliosis implants.

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