FSIA defines "agency or instrumentality of a foreign state.
2003) (considering Ministry of Foreign Affairs as state rather than agency or instrumentality because of government functions).
Judge Straub explained that because the legislative history states that a ministry could be an agency or instrumentality, it is inappropriate to adopt a test that precludes it from being deemed one based on its inherently governmental nature.
We see perceived instrumentality as providing the value connection between current task performance and attainment of personally valued goals.
Our claim regarding the importance of perceived instrumentality to experiencing intrinsic motivation might be challenged by those who view more proximal achievement goals as most central to proximal motivation.
These goals may, however, be related to perceptions of task instrumentality via the following logic: tasks that are perceived to be instrumental to attaining personally valued future goals are by definition perceived as personally important.
Based on this backdrop we asked the following research questions: (1) Are students' perceived instrumentality scores related to their intrinsic and extrinsic valuing of academic tasks?
Following the meeting, both entities authored a research paper for the IRS that detailed why they didn't believe that FCUs should be considered an instrumentality of the United States for purposes of the 457 plan rules and the definition of governmental plan.
We believe that the IRS' position that a FCU is not an instrumentality of the United States for purposes of the 457 plan rules and the definition of governmental plan is the right decision from a practical standpoint," Fowler said.
As it relates to FCUs, Fowler said the IRS' proposed regulations will apply a facts and circumstances test to determine whether an entity is an agency or instrumentality of the United States.
To the extent excluded by regulations, a right received under a contract, or granted by a governmental unit, agency or instrumentality
The California Milk Advisory Board (CMAB) is an instrumentality
of the California Department of Food and Agriculture funded by the state's more than 2,000 dairy families.