individualism

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individualism

the philosophy that individuals have their own unique set of wants and interests, and that they should be given free rein to pursue them. Those promoting this philosophy therefore advocate the removal of laws and regulations governing how people should behave. In the economic and business spheres, they argue, regulation stifles entrepreneurial creativity and inhibits responsiveness to market forces; if people can be freed from regulation they will become more highly motivated to succeed, whilst markets will be able to function more effectively, leading to benefits to society at large. They tend to be critical of TRADE UNIONS since they believe that unions elevate group over individual interests, and place restrictions on both their members' and managers' freedom to behave as they wish. Critics of this philosophy argue, however, that interests are in fact often shared (for example between groups of employees), that power resources are unequal and hence that collective action is therefore often necessary, and that unbridled pursuit of individual goals can damage the interests of others. See COLLECTIVISM, DEREGULATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
To name just a few, there is a more "libertarian" notion as promoted by Nozick (1974), where individual freedom is most important, a more "social" one, where rather equality is key (Rawls 1971), or a "constitutional" one (Locke 2016), where the relation between citizens and the state with respect to the defense of their life, liberty and property is central.
Drawn by the opportunities created by our constitutionally guaranteed individual freedom, legal immigrants are an investment in our nation's collective future.
When the Hindus and Muslims impose restrictions on individual freedoms based on the precepts or ideologies of their respective religions the Christians, especially the Catholics, have to introspect and become aware of the atrocities committed by the colonial powers on the indigenous people of the colonies with the support of the Christian missionaries.
After nearly a week in the country, meeting and talking to people, my general impression is that Tunisia is surely on the way to consolidate a democratic regime based on individual freedom.
The research, among 800 adults, found that a growing number of under-35s wanted to live alone to have greater individual freedom and personal space.
Leo Abase was a man of liberalism, tolerance, and promoted individual freedom, and there the truth is, he was not the man being written about by your correspondents.
Leo Abse was a man of liberalism, tolerance and promoted individual freedom, and there the truth is.
The protesters for repealing the draconian Rockefeller Drug Laws from Drop The Rock deserve high praise for their efforts, which champion individual freedom.
It begins with ethnographic case studies of 'bodies' across two settler colonies, and ends with an historical and theoretical account of discourses of individual freedom and social constraint, which evidence the liberal governance of intimacy and love in such colonies.
For one thing, Ringen's democracy is a means rather than an end; democracy should be judged by its contribution to individual freedom.
In Carey's words, conservatives "believe that shared values, morals, and standards, along with accepted traditions, are necessary for the order and stability of society" and that some restrictions on individual freedom, including censorship, may be needed to preserve this social cohesion.
Another book, University of California professor Jonathan Markovitz's Legacies of Lynching: Racial Violence and Memory (University of Minnesota Press, 2004), covers much of the territory of the other previous books, except he's very blunt about the harsh mechanics of a white supremacist society that preaches individual freedom yet still worships at the altar of Jim Crow.

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