Regardless if the refunding is a legal defeasance or in-substance defeasance
, the amount of unamortized prepaid insurance associated with the debt being extinguished should be included in the net carrying amount of the extinguished debt, which is compared to the reacquisition price to determine the gain or loss on the refunding that is reported in the accrual-basis financial statements.
Developing countries which are riding on pile-up debts may extinguish or reduce debt burden and through in-substance defeasance
or debt capitalisation, in a number of ways like calling in equipment leased flotation of techno-economic development bonds if such bonds have a call future, purchasing the bonds on the open market and subsequently retiring the bonds, swapping or exchanging equity shares for bonds, selling the bonds (debt) to other parties, and through sophisticated equipment leasing by developing countries in developed countries.
no longer is considered to constitute an extinguishment of debt.
In a climate of rising interest rates, in-substance defeasance
becomes an attractive option to companies because it results in higher reported earnings and a lower debt-to-equity ratio.
Statement 76 allows the derecognition of a liability when you meet certain criteria, for example when you place assets in an irrevocable trust to satisfy the cash flow requirements (principal and interest) of a specific debt (the procedure is referred to as an in-substance defeasance
Other differences arise in those areas in which bank reporting standards are intended to be more conservative than GAAP, such as in the areas of asset sales with recourse, futures contracts, excess servicing, and in-substance defeasance
7 used the term in-substance defeasance
to describe this latter situation and specifically directed that it be treated in the same manner as a legal defeasance (i.
i) Peterson, P and Peterson, D, et al, The Extinguishment of Debt through In-substance Defeasance
, Financial Management (Spring 1985); and
Usually there would be no advantage to an in-substance defeasance
of the sinking fund obligation when interest rates decrease.
Other issues discussed were the auditing of airport passenger facilities charges, in-substance defeasance
of debt, recommendations to the GASB suggesting the reduction of note disclosure for state and local governments, and ethics interpretations on auditing.