parties

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parties

In litigation, the various people or companies with grievances or defenses that wish to be heard by the court. Types of parties include

• Plaintiff. Files the lawsuit.
• Defendant. The person the suit is against.
• Counterplaintiff. A defendant who has claims against the plaintiff.
• Counterdefendant. The plaintiff who is also sued by the defendant.
• Cross-claimants. Defendants who sue each other.
• Third-party defendants. When a defendant decides someone else should be added to the lawsuit because the defendant has claims against that person and it is all related to the same dispute. (Typically occurs when the defendant seeks indemnity from another.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps, a better method for this case to be adjudicated would be for some party to bring a domestic action seeking an injunction against the Australian government giving out this subsidy having gotten Howe in through an impleader, claiming the Australian action was inconsistent with treaty obligations.
But, Erie issues also may arise when the court has jurisdiction because the plaintiff asserts a federal question and the court exercises supplemental jurisdiction over the plaintiff's state-created claims, and in a variety of other possible settings, including state-law-created counterclaims, cross-claims, and impleaders in actions asserting a federal question.