initial public offering

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Initial public offering (IPO)

A company's first sale of stock to the public. Securities offered in an IPO are often, but not always, those of young, small companies seeking outside equity capital and a public market for their stock. Investors purchasing stock in IPOs generally must be prepared to accept considerable risks for the possibility of large gains. IPOs by investment companies (closed-end funds) usually include underwriting fees that represent a load to buyers.

Initial Public Offering

The first price for which a company offers to sell stock in itself when it moves from private ownership to public trade. More generally, it refers to the actual first sale of stock to the public. Small companies looking for a new source of financing offer most IPOs, but large companies who wish to be publicly traded can offer them as well. An IPO is generally a risky investment, because one does not know how much demand will exist for the stock after its initial offering; the risk comes from the uncertainty about the stock's resale value. See also: Publicly-traded company.

initial public offering (IPO)

A company's first sale of stock to the public. Securities offered in an IPO are often but not always those of young, small companies seeking outside equity capital and a public market for their stock. Investors purchasing stock in IPOs generally assume very large risks for the possibility of large gains. See also pre-IPO.

Initial public offering (IPO).

When a company reaches a certain stage in its growth, it may decide to issue stock, or go public, with an initial public offering (IPO). The goal may be to raise capital, to provide liquidity for the existing shareholders, or a number of other reasons.

Any company planning an IPO must register its offering with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

In most cases, the company works with an investment bank, which underwrites the offering. That means marketing the shares being offered to the public at a set price with the expectation of making a profit.

initial public offering (IPO)

the first public sale of shares in a firm having newly obtained a STOCK MARKET listing.

initial public offering (IPO)

the first sale of the SHARES/STOCK to investors in a firm that has newly obtained a STOCK EXCHANGE listing. Mostly, IPOs involve previously private firms converting to public limited company (plc) status. IPOs are undertaken to release capital for the original owners of the business and to provide additional finance to fund the expansion of the business. See SHARE ISSUE, JOINT-STOCK COMPANY.
References in periodicals archive ?
The outlook for the end of this year and beginning of 2010 is a good one when we consider that Q3 2009 beat the previous four quarters combined, both in the number of IPO filings - more than 30 - and their average value - around $400 million.
Goade's background includes leading early stage companies from startup to IPO filings.
Q3 2003: The IPO filings docket also saw a surge, as 46 companies filed to go public.
Company Cites Recent Acquisition of Adiana, IPO Filings by Two Existing Portfolio Companies, Merger of BabyUniverse, and Equity Raises by MarketForce and TransOral Companies
AUSTIN, Texas -- While there does not appear to be an industry frontrunner within the collection of IPOs so far this year, there were more IPO filings in just the first two weeks of March than in any month since 2000.
Valuators and Expert Witnesses Can Now Search 172,000 SEC IPO Filings for Risk Assessment and Business Intelligence Research
The Enron fallout, in addition to diminishing IPO filings, is leading to increased scrutiny in the reporting of financial statements.
Available in both English and Chinese language mirror versions, the Hong Kong IPO Center contains information on IPO filings, the price performance of IPOs in the past 12 months, an IPO calendar, IPO-related frequently asked questions and answers, real-time breaking news and an investor forum.
com site via the new co-branding agreement are: a co-branded EDGAR Online SEC Filings page, EDGAR Online Glimpse (management discussion), EDGAR Online FDS (financial data schedule), EDGAR Online People Pages (a lookup of people listed in SEC filings) and an EDGAR Online IPO Express Page (provides detailed information on IPO filings, pricings and performance).
com's searchable database is the most extensive on the Web, containing over 3,500 IPO filings and 1,500 underwriters.
Additional services include value-added functions like IPO Express, a service that provides easy-to-use, detailed information on IPO filings, pricings and performance; EDGAR Online People, a service that allows users to conduct research on corporate executive and directors, and EDGAR Online Personal, which provides real-time alerts, as well as other personalized advanced searches of SEC data.
IPO filings, mergers and acquisitions, business planning) to both large international and emerging growth technology companies.