International Centre for Science and High Technology

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International Centre for Science and High Technology

Also called ICS-UNIDO. An agency that promotes environmentally sustainable industrial development in developing countries. It operates under UNIDO but is funded by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. ICS-UNIDO was established in 1996 and is based in Trieste, Italy.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ICSHT is the accepted system for classification of patients when results of upper-limb reconstructive procedures in SCI are being reported.
Abbreviations: ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association; FIM = Functional Independence Measure; ICF = International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health; ICIDH = International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps; ICSHT = International Classification for Surgery of the Hand in Tetraplegia; IOM = Institute of Medicine; ISCoS = International Spinal Cord Society; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; QIF = Quadriplegia Index of Function; SCI = spinal cord injury; SCIM = Spinal Cord Independence Measure; WHO = World Health Organization; WISCI = Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury.
Like the ISCSCI, the ICSHT involves both examination of motor and sensory function and classification of neurological status.
While the ICSHT was designed to aid planning of surgical reconstruction, it may be more sensitive than the ISCSCI, at least for assessment of strength, since it evaluates more key UL muscles.
Despite the strengths and international use of the ISCSCI and the ICSHT, both evaluation and classification schemes depend upon manual strength testing, which is an inadequate measure in isolation of other strength measures because of variability in scaling (ordinal scales 0-5 vs ordinal scales 0-5 that include "+"), grading of strength, and limb position during testing.
Strength-testing all UL muscles and classifying the UL according to both the ISCSCI and ICSHT are recommended.
Acute trials should incorporate the ICSHT motor and sensory exam and classification system in addition to the ISCSCI and should consider the role of electrodiagnostics.