International Court of Justice

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International Court of Justice

Also called the ICJ. The supreme judicial body of the United Nations. It decides disputes between states and rules on questions submitted to it by various international organizations, notably the UN General Assembly. It claims global jurisdiction but this is not universally accepted. It began in 1946 and is based in the Hague. It should not be confused with the International Criminal Court.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some might object and argue that when a state is oppressing its people, it will be no more likely to acquiesce to the resolution adopted by the General Assembly, even if the ICJ has ruled in favor of secession.
Athens said after the ICJ ruling that it would continue the name dispute negotiations "in good faith to reach a mutually acceptable solution" and added that it was to be hoped that Skopje "will begin to pursue the negotiations in good faith, as the name issue can only be resolved through negotiations under the auspices of the UN".
Furthermore the ICJ declares that in order to respond to the request of the UN General Assembly it needs only to determine whether applicable international law contains prohibitive rules preventing declarations of independence.
the confirmation of the IA by the ICJ, but also, and this is very important, by Greece and Macedonia, is in essence the compromise we all need.
With Sepulveda participating in the deliberations as an ad hoc judge, the ICJ in 2003 and again in 2004 sided with Mexico regarding the death penalty for its citizens in the US.
The ICJ is strictly bound to address "legal disputes" exclusively, or address these "in a legal manner" and "from a legal viewpoint," but clearly legal and political implications can never be wholly separated.
Even though Security Council interventions remain invariably controversial, the ICJ is there to prevent the UN from becoming a simultaneous judge, jury, and executioner.
Moreover, the ICJ has only been asked for an advisory opinion, which under the ICJ statute is not legally binding.
Responding to a M AIL T ODAY story on how the government backtracked on its assurance to approach ICJ on Kalia case, Swaraj had said the government would amend the affidavit filed in the apex court by the UPA government to pave way for approaching the ICJ despite hurdles posed by the Geneva Convention.
He reminded the international community that ICJ opinion reaffirms that the Palestinian right to self-determination is an obligation for all States to realize.
Japan initially abided by the ICJ judgment by formally discontinuing the JARPA II program, but shortly after stated that it would prepare a replacement program and in November 2014 announced a new plan for 'research whaling' in the Antarctic to begin in late 2015.