Activities of daily living

(redirected from IADL)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Acronyms.
Related to IADL: ADLS, MMSE

Activities of Daily Living

Basic, mundane activities such as bathing, eating, taking medication, walking, dressing, and using the toilet. Long-term care insurance policies compile and maintain (slightly different) lists of activities of daily living that a policyholder generally should be able to do. If a policyholder is unable to perform two or more activities of daily living, he/she is usually able to receive benefits from the long-term care policy. They are also important in determining eligibility for benefits from Medicare, Medicaid, and other government assistance programs.

Activities of daily living.

To live independently, you must be able to handle certain essential functions, called activities of daily living (ADLs). These standard activities include eating, dressing, bathing, moving from a sitting to a standing position, taking medication, and using the bathroom.

If you are unable to perform two or more these ADLs, you generally qualify to begin receiving benefits from your long-term care insurance policy. Each insurer's list of ADLs may vary slightly, but should always include bathing, as that is often the first activity that a person struggles with.

Cognitive impairments, such as those that result from Alzheimer's disease, are not considered ADLs. A comprehensive long-term care policy will use a different test to determine when policyholders suffering from these impairments qualify to collect benefits.

References in periodicals archive ?
Changes in prevalence of the above factors mostly explained predicted changes in disability among near-elderly persons in ADL and IADL limitations, gross motor and fine motor function, but had a lesser role in explaining disability trends among elderly persons on the same disability measures.
However, in a study of 74 dementia patients and their caregivers, patients' ability to perform ADLs and IADLs were not statistically significant predictors of caregiver burden (Campbell et al.
Although most research in the area of IADLs continues to be in the science of gerontology, insights into IADLs are also valuable in the rehabilitation sciences, convalescent care and for people living with physical, mental or intellectual disabilities.
Patients with a PS of 0 or 1 at baseline were twice as likely to experience a decline in IADL as were those with worse PS (OR, 2.
GDS = Geriatric Depression Scale; MGLQ = Migratory Grief and Loss Questionnaire; LSNS = Lubben Social Network Scale; IADLs = instrumental activities of daily living.
For those with a disability, functional impairment as measured by dependence in ADLs or IADLs represents the severity of the disability and not necessarily illness or poor health, whereas for people with no disability, functional impairment may represent negative health changes, health decline, and frailty.
Cognitively intact clients with moderate ADL needs and higher IADL needs but who are continent and have no problem conditions (Group 8=13%);
IADL such as preparing a meal facilitates interaction between voluntarily moving the body, [alpha] and [gamma] co-activation, cognition, and sensory-perceptual patterns.
The ADL or IADL score was the sum of the number of ADL or IADL with disability, respectively.
Selfcare limitations, mobility limitations, and persons in ALF facilities with 3 or more ADL or IADL factors (Smets and Kruse 1997, 362).
We heard several reports, resulting in a set of recommendations that lawyer-members of IADL could undertake--both solidarity-type actions, such as supporting a boycott/disinvestment campaign begun by NGOs, and legal assistance such as establishing a rotating panel of volunteer attorneys who would investigate facts, and assist in documenting abuses for litigation.
Select policies that will permit a client to receive benefits when his or her physician has determined that the client has lost the ability to perform only one ADL but has also lost more than one IADL.